tapir


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Related to tapir: capibara, Brazilian Tapir

tapir

(tā`pər), nocturnal, herbivorous mammal, genus Tapirus, of the jungles of Central and South America and SE Asia. The tapir is somewhat piglike in appearance; however, it is not related to the pig, but to the horsehorse,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal now represented by a single extant genus, Equus. The term horse commonly refers only to the domestic Equus caballus and to the wild Przewalski's horse.
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 and the rhinocerosrhinoceros,
massive hoofed mammal of Africa, India, and SE Asia, characterized by a snout with one or two horns. The rhinoceros family, along with the horse and tapir families, forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals.
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, with which it forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals. The body of the tapir is rounded and covered with sparse fur. Its snout is long and flexible. The legs are short and end in broad feet with hoofed toes; there are four toes on the front feet and five on the hind feet. Tapirs live in dense forest, browsing by night on leaves and twigs. Usually found near water, they swim well and drink a great deal. They often take to water when threatened and can crash through thick underbrush with great speed.

The Asian, or Malayan, tapir, T. indicus, of Malaya and Sumatra, is black with a white saddle extending over the rump. The adult is about 3 ft (90 cm) high at the shoulder and 6 to 8 ft (180–240 cm) long; it weighs about 650 lb (300 kg). The Malayan tapir is considered endangered. There are three New World species. The South American, or Brazilian, tapir, T. terrestris, inhabits marshy lowlands from Colombia to N Argentina. The adult, a little smaller than the Asian species, is a uniform dark brown, but the young is conspicuously striped and spotted. The Central American, or Baird's, tapir, T. bairdi, is similarly colored but almost as large as a donkey. It is found in undisturbed rain forests from S Mexico to NW South America; because of the continuous elimination of this habitat the existence of this species is threatened. The mountain tapir, T. pinchaque, is found at high altitudes in the Andes Mts. and has thick, black fur.

Tapirs were widely distributed in tropical regions until the Pleistocene epoch, when most species became extinct. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Perissodactyla, family Tapiridae.

tapir

[′tā·pər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several large odd-toed ungulates of the family Tapiridae that have a heavy, sparsely hairy body, stout legs, a prehensile muzzle, a short tail, and small eyes.

tapir

any perissodactyl mammal of the genus Tapirus, such as T. indicus (Malayan tapir), of South and Central America and SE Asia, having an elongated snout, three-toed hind legs, and four-toed forelegs: family Tapiridae
References in periodicals archive ?
Though it is now officially banned in Nicaragua, tapir hunting still occurs, particularly in the country's remote eastern wilderness areas, where enforcement is all but nonexistent.
Among other outcomes, the results show that tapirs defecated 8 percent of the tamarind seeds ingested (none of which germinated) compared to elephants, who defecated 75 percent of the 2,390 ingested seeds (65 percent of which germinated).
Not just a familiar sound, the tapir eating one palm fruit after another also symbolized the role these animals play in perpetuating rain forests.
It means our tapir mum Meena, her partner Chico and their fiveyear-old son Ronnie are well protected from the elements.
This proposal is focused on strengthening the grassroots through the formation and consolidation of the Local Council of the Biological Corridor Path of the Tapir.
Born in the early hours of last Friday to mum, Muffin, and dad, Pele, the baby tapir is yet to be named.
This is the second well to be drilled in Chariot's four to five exploration well programme offshore Namibia after the first well, Tapir South, rated as having a 25% chance of success and targeting resource potential of some 604 million barrels of oil, was abandoned after the well was found to contain no commercial hydrocarbons despite the penetration of reservoirs that Chariot described as "excellent".
but I still love you NUTS ABOUT YOU: Tree romance for squirrels DEERLY BELOVED: These African impala are savannah lovely time together KAT'S MY BABY: Nothing compares to meerkat love YOU'RE AMAZON': Tapir true love
ISLAMABAD, December 01, 2010 (Balochistan Times): Islamabad Police have made elaborate security arrangements for the processions of Muharram up Harram in form of special security layers where strict checking would be conducted in coordination with local organizers of religious gatherings, said Senior Superintendent of Police Islamabad Tapir Alam Khan.
SOMMER, a Brazilian tapir, lavishes affection on her new baby - her third since being initially declared infertile.
He took over the estate and the family moved into its 12-bedroom house while there were five Siberian tigers, three African lions, nine wolves, three brown European bears, two pumas, a lynx, four Asian short-clawed otters, two flamingos, quite a lot of owls and a Brazilian tapir called Ronnie, reports The Telegraph.