tapir


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Related to tapir: capibara, Brazilian Tapir

tapir

(tā`pər), nocturnal, herbivorous mammal, genus Tapirus, of the jungles of Central and South America and SE Asia. The tapir is somewhat piglike in appearance; however, it is not related to the pig, but to the horsehorse,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal now represented by a single extant genus, Equus. The term horse commonly refers only to the domestic Equus caballus and to the wild Przewalski's horse.
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 and the rhinocerosrhinoceros,
massive hoofed mammal of Africa, India, and SE Asia, characterized by a snout with one or two horns. The rhinoceros family, along with the horse and tapir families, forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals.
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, with which it forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals. The body of the tapir is rounded and covered with sparse fur. Its snout is long and flexible. The legs are short and end in broad feet with hoofed toes; there are four toes on the front feet and five on the hind feet. Tapirs live in dense forest, browsing by night on leaves and twigs. Usually found near water, they swim well and drink a great deal. They often take to water when threatened and can crash through thick underbrush with great speed.

The Asian, or Malayan, tapir, T. indicus, of Malaya and Sumatra, is black with a white saddle extending over the rump. The adult is about 3 ft (90 cm) high at the shoulder and 6 to 8 ft (180–240 cm) long; it weighs about 650 lb (300 kg). The Malayan tapir is considered endangered. There are three New World species. The South American, or Brazilian, tapir, T. terrestris, inhabits marshy lowlands from Colombia to N Argentina. The adult, a little smaller than the Asian species, is a uniform dark brown, but the young is conspicuously striped and spotted. The Central American, or Baird's, tapir, T. bairdi, is similarly colored but almost as large as a donkey. It is found in undisturbed rain forests from S Mexico to NW South America; because of the continuous elimination of this habitat the existence of this species is threatened. The mountain tapir, T. pinchaque, is found at high altitudes in the Andes Mts. and has thick, black fur.

Tapirs were widely distributed in tropical regions until the Pleistocene epoch, when most species became extinct. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Perissodactyla, family Tapiridae.

tapir

[′tā·pər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several large odd-toed ungulates of the family Tapiridae that have a heavy, sparsely hairy body, stout legs, a prehensile muzzle, a short tail, and small eyes.

tapir

any perissodactyl mammal of the genus Tapirus, such as T. indicus (Malayan tapir), of South and Central America and SE Asia, having an elongated snout, three-toed hind legs, and four-toed forelegs: family Tapiridae
References in periodicals archive ?
The male data set was one of the largest, in terms of number of locations fixes, reported for any mammal using GPS telemetry in tropical forests (Blake, Douglas-Hamilton, & Karesh, 2003; Boyle, Lourenco, da Silva, & Smith, 2009; Schuttler, Blake, & Eggert, 2012; Castellanos, 2013) and particularly for lowland tapirs, which is a very secretive and difficult species to follow in the field (Tobler, 2009).
Durante la realizacion de un inventario mastofaunisticoen en el Cerro de las Flores entre julio del 2008 y junio del 2009, se encontraron restos de un individuo adulto de tapir centroamericano.
Se trabajo con distintas diluciones de lactosuero de tapir, obtenido mediante precipitacion acida de las caseinas a pH 4,3 y posterior centrifugacion.
Introducing zoo-bred animals to the wild is only one of the strategies being employed by Proyecto Tapir participants, which include RAAS regional authorities, personnel from the Ministerio del Ambiente y los Recursos Naturales (MARENA), and researchers from Michigan State University (MSU) in the US.
Even though tapirs are natural swimmers, using their trunks as snorkels, they are being wiped out by flooding caused by the damming of rivers for hydroelectric projects.
We have seen that our new tapir likes to have a run around and explore, and then head back to her indoor enclosure for a short rest.
Chariot's share price had fallen in May to a then yearly low of 71 pence upon confirmation that no commercial hydrocarbons were found in the Tapir South exploration well in Northern Block 1811A and the well will be plugged and abandoned.
We set two camera traps and a video camera trap aimed at the entrance of the cave, thus recording all visits from both tapir and pacas.
The study allowed researchers to analyse the effect of dispersion by tapirs on the seed survival of nine different plants.
The Tapir South prospect is located in Chariot's Northern Block 1811A which is 100% owned by the company.
LCCI former Senior Vice President Tapir Javari Mali, Ms Shahnaz Koki and Dr Molina Randhawa Wahl also spoke on the occasion.