tarantella

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tarantella

(târ`əntĕl`ə), Neapolitan folk dance that first appeared in Taranto, Italy, in the 17th cent. It had rapid 6–8 meter with an increasing tempo and was thought to cure the bite of the tarantulatarantula
, name applied chiefly to species of the large, hairy spiders of the family Theraphosidae of North and South America, Africa, S and SE Asia, and Australia. The body of a tarantula, in the case of the largest, the Goliath birdeater (Theraphosa blondi
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 (Lycosa tarantula, a wolf spider), which supposedly caused the disease tarantism. Chopin, Liszt, Weber, and others used the dance in the form of a perpetuum mobile.

Tarantella

 

an Italian folk dance. Written in 6/8 or 3/8 time, the tarantella is characterized by extended triplets and a very fast tempo. The dance is accompanied by guitar, tambourine, castanets (in Sicily), and occasionally singing. Vocal and instrumental music has been written in the form of the tarantella by G. Rossini, F. Liszt, F. Chopin, M. I. Glinka, A. S. Dargomyzhskii, Tchaikovsky, and S. S. Prokofiev. Many of these pieces are intended for virtuoso performances.

tarantella

1. a peasant dance from S Italy
2. a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance, in fast six-eight time
References in periodicals archive ?
The poems from Gottschalk and the Grande Tarantelle include the marvelous "Song of Winnie," a longer poem in sections that goes into the mind of a young Winnie Mandela during the long years her husband, Nelson, spent in prison cut off from so much and she was left to uphold his image and political ideals.
Many of the favorite Burgmuller pieces are included here, such as Angel's Voices and Tarantelle.
Years later, Hershy Kay did precisely this with much success in his ballet Cakewalk (1951), and Kay's reconstruction (for pianist Eugene List) of Gottschalk's Grande tarantelle (1961) was choreographed by Balanchine and figured considerably in the Gottschalk revival of the 1960s.