tarantula

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tarantula

(tərăn`chələ), name applied chiefly to species of the large, hairy spidersspider,
organism, mostly terrestrial, of the class Arachnida, order Araneae, with four pairs of legs and a two-part body consisting of a cephalothorax, or prosoma, and an unsegmented abdomen, or opisthosoma.
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 of the family Theraphosidae of North and South America, Africa, S and SE Asia, and Australia. The body of a tarantula may be as much as 4 in. (10 cm) long and, with legs extended, more than 10 in. (25.4 cm) across. The largest tarantulas may kill small vertebrates, but their usual food is other arthropods. The bite of a tarantula may be painful but is not usually dangerous to humans. Most tarantulas found in the United States are members of the genus Aphonopelma, the largest of which have leg spreads of up to 6 in. (15.2 cm). The smaller Texas brown tarantula, A. hentzi, may be found in the W United States as far north as Colorado, Kansas, and Missouri.

The name tarantula is also applied to the purse-web spiders (family Atypidae) and funnel-web spiders (Dipluridae and Hexathelidae) of the Old and New World, and sheet funnel-web spiders or dwarf tarantulas (Mecicobothriidae) of the New World; there is a tailless whip scorpion genus Tarantula. Originally the name was applied to a spider of the wolf spider family, Lycosa tarantula, of S Europe, whose bite was supposed to cause tarantism, a nervous condition characterized by hysteria; the best cure was believed to be strenuous and prolonged dancing of the tarantellatarantella
, Neapolitan folk dance that first appeared in Taranto, Italy, in the 17th cent. It had rapid 6–8 meter with an increasing tempo and was thought to cure the bite of the tarantula (Lycosa tarantula,
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. Spider families are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Arachnida, order Araneae.

Tarantula

 

any of several species of the family Lycosidae (the wolf spiders). Tarantulas live in holes as deep as 60 cm and hunt insects at night. All tarantulas are more or less poisonous but are not dangerous to man.

The USSR has one species, Lycosa singoriensis. It is up to 3.5 cm long and lives in deserts, semideserts, and forest steppes. It reproduces at the end of summer; the female lays eggs in an egg sac, which she guards. After hatching, the young spiders perch on the female’s abdomen, remaining there for some time. The bite of L. singoriensis is as painful as the sting of a hornet and causes swelling.

tarantula

[tə′ran·chə·lə]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of various large hairy spiders of the araneid suborder Mygalomorphae.
Any of the wolf spiders comprising the family Lycosidae.

Tarantula

[tə′ran·chə·lə]
(astronomy)

tarantula

spider with a deadly venom. [Zoology: NCE, 2695]

tarantula

1. any of various large hairy mostly tropical spiders of the American family Theraphosidae
2. a large hairy spider, Lycosa tarentula of S Europe, the bite of which was formerly thought to cause tarantism
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chilean rose tarantula was handed in to the Scottish SPCA's Glasgow Animal Rescue and Rehoming Centre, where she has been named Rosie.
We present here the first long-term study of burrowing behavior of tarantulas since Baerg (1958).
Steven Roberts is selling off three of his tarantulas, like this one, to breed more for pet shops.
Ethan's first spider was a Chilean Rose tarantula, which can live up to 20 years and is often for "beginners".
Checking the glass with a microscope revealed wisps of silk on the vertical surfaces, but only when the tarantulas were free to use their abdominal spinnerets.
NO FEAR: Lad shows her how it's done INCY WINCING: Sarah hides from Bonnie the Chile rose tarantula and work pal Simon Lockett
This case study isn't the first showing how tarantulas may be bad for the eyes.
TOXICITY OF VENOM FROM TWO TARANTULA SPECIES (HAPLOPELMA LIVDIUM AND GRAMMOSTOLA ROSEA) ON EMBRYO/LARVAE OF XENOPUS LAEVIS.
But this real-life spider can outsling the superhero: The zebra tarantula shoots silk from its feet--while climbing.
Despite their notoriety, little is known about tarantulas in their natural environment.