teosinte


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teosinte:

see corncorn,
in botany. The name corn is given to the leading cereal crop of any major region. In England corn means wheat; in Scotland and Ireland, oats. The grain called corn in the United States is Indian corn or maize (Zea mays mays).
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, in botany.

Teosinte

 

any one plant species of the genus Euchlaena of the family Gramineae. The most common species is E. mexicana, an annual reaching 3 m tall and resembling maize. The staminate spikelets are gathered into terminal panicles; the pistillate spike-lets are in small distichous ears located in the leaf axils. The fruit is a caryopsis. E. mexicana is found in Mexico, where it grows as a weed in corn plantings. Teosintes are cultivated in southern North America and various other regions for hay, as green feed, and sometimes as cereal plants.

REFERENCE

Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The taxonomy and evolution of Tripsacum and teosinte, the Closest relatives of maize.
JR: The ancestor of our modern corn is a grass called teosinte.
Identification of teosinte, maize, and Tripsacum in Mesoamerica by using pollen, starch grains, and phytoliths.
There is no pioneer plant similar to maize, the only likely ancestor is a wild plant called teosinte, a small bushy grain with a few hard kernels.
In a much-cited exception, Dorweiler and Doebley (1997) found that the teosinte glume architecture 1 (tgal) locus has multiple effects in the 'female' inflorescence of maize, including increasing the number of lignified hypodermal cells and determining which epidermal cells become silicified.
Sitting in two rows, students face the projected PowerPoint image of teosinte, an ancient progenitor of corn found in Mexico.
Por ejemplo, no es aconsejable permitir maiz transgenico en su region de origen mesocentroamericana, donde se encuentra el teosinte, precursor silvestre de la planta, y multitud de variedades desarrolladas a lo largo de siglos por poblaciones indigenas.
Complimenting Mexican anthropological studies of teosinte (the ancestral grass that became domesticated maize), the SFU researchers analyzed the beer-brewing potential of stone fermentation cones and other tools from the remains of Natufian peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean (circa 10,000 years ago).
The ancestor of corn that was used by peoples in the Americas for quite a long time was called teosinte.