terrier


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terrier,

classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs originally bred to start small game and vermin from their burrows or, in the case of several breeds in this group, to go to earth and kill their prey. Today these dogs are raised chiefly as pets. The following breeds are classified as terrirers by the American Kennel Club: airedale terrierairedale terrier
, breed of dog developed in England in the 19th cent. It is the largest of the terrier group, standing about 23 in. (58.4 cm) high at the shoulder and weighing from 40 to 50 lb (18.1–22.7 kg).
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, Australian terrierAustralian terrier,
breed of small, hardy terrier perfected in Australia c.1885. It stands about 10 in. (25.4 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 12 to 14 lb (5.5–6.4 kg).
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; Bedlington terrierBedlington terrier,
breed of long-legged, lithe terrier developed in the eastern Border districts of England in the 19th cent. It stands about 16 in. (40.6 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 22 to 24 lb (9.9–10.8 kg).
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; border terrierborder terrier,
breed of hardy, medium-sized terrier developed in the Border districts of N England in the 18th and 19th cent. It stands about 12 in. (30 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 13 1-2 to 15 1-2 lb (6.1–6.9 kg).
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; bull terrierbull terrier,
breed of large, muscular terrier originating in England around 1835. It stands from 19 to 22 in. (48.3–55.9 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 30 to 36 lb (13.6–16.3 kg).
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; cairn terriercairn terrier,
breed of small working terrier developed on the Isle of Skye in the 19th cent. It stands about 10 in. (25 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 14 lb (6.4 kg).
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; Dandie Dinmont terrierDandie Dinmont terrier
, breed of hardy, long-bodied terrier developed in England and Scotland and first recorded as a distinct type in the very early 18th cent. It stands from 8 to 11 in. (20.3–27.9 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 18 to 24 lb (8.1–10.9 kg).
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; fox terrierfox terrier,
breed of long-legged terrier developed over several centuries in England. There are two varieties, the smooth and the wirehaired. The coat of the former is dense, short, and flat, while that of the latter is longer, harsh, and wiry.
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; Irish terrierIrish terrier,
a breed of hardy working terrier developed in the British Isles and believed to be one of the oldest terriers. It stands about 18 in. (46 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 25 to 27 lb (11–12 kg).
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; Kerry blue terrierKerry blue terrier,
breed of large, sturdy terrier perfected in Ireland more than 100 years ago. It stands from 17 to 19 in. (43.2–48.3 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 30 to 40 lb (13.6–18.2 kg).
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; Lakeland terrierLakeland terrier,
breed of strong working terrier developed in the 18th and 19th cent. in the Lake District of England. It stands about 14 in. (35.6 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 17 lb (7.7 kg).
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; Manchester terrierManchester terrier,
breed of sleek, alert terrier developed in England in the 19th cent. There are two varieties, the standard and the toy (see toy dog). The standard variety stands from 14 to 16 in. (35.6–40.6 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 16 lb (7.3 kg).
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; schnauzerschnauzer
, a sturdy, wirehaired dog developed in S Germany. There are three separate breeds of schnauzer distinguished by their size. The standard schnauzer is a medium-sized dog whose existence in Germany dates back to the 15th cent. It stands from 17 to 20 in. (43.1–50.
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 (miniature); Norwich terrierNorwich terrier,
breed of small, sturdy terrier developed in England in the second half of the 19th cent. It stands about 10 in. (25.4 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 11 lb (4.9 kg). The harsh, straight coat lies close to the body and is weather-resistant.
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; Scottish terrierScottish terrier,
breed of short-legged terrier perfected in Scotland in the mid-19th cent. It stands about 10 in. (25 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 18 to 22 lb (8.2–10.0 kg). Its dense, hard, wiry coat is about 2 in.
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; Sealyham terrierSealyham terrier
, breed of short-legged terrier developed in Wales in the second half of the 19th cent. It stands about 10 in. (25 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 20 lb (9 kg).
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; Skye terrierSkye terrier,
breed of sturdy, short-legged terrier developed in the northwestern islands of Scotland more than four centuries ago. It takes its name from the principal island in the group. The Skye terrier stands about 10 in.
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; Staffordshire terrierStaffordshire terrier,
breed of strong, muscular terrier developed in England in the early 19th cent. It stands from 17 to 19 in. (43.1–48.3 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 35 to 50 lb (15.9–22.7 kg).
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; Welsh terrierWelsh terrier,
breed of medium-sized terrier developed in Wales more than a century ago. It stands about 15 in. (38 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 20 lb (9 kg). Its close-lying, harsh, wiry coat may be black and tan or black, grizzle, and tan in color.
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; and West Highland white terrierWest Highland white terrier,
breed of sturdy, compact terrier developed in Scotland in the early 19th cent. It stands about 11 in. (27.9 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 13 to 20 lb (5.9–9.1 kg).
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. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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.

Terrier

 

a group of breeds of sporting dogs and pet dogs bred down from them. Most terriers are native to Great Britain, where they have been known since the 12th century. They were used for hunting burrowing animals and to control small predators and rats. Terriers, with their well-developed hunting instinct, boldly attack animals that exceed them in size and weight. They are usually affectionate toward man.

There are approximately 30 breeds of terriers. Sporting breeds, measuring 30–40 cm in height, include wirehaired and smooth-haired fox terriers, Welsh terriers, Irish terriers, Scottish terriers, bullterriers, and Cesky terriers. Breeds raised exclusively as pets, measuring 18–26 cm in height, include Kerry blue terriers, Lakeland terriers, Skye terriers, Tibetan terriers, bomskii terriers, Yorkshire terriers, Boston terriers, and toy terriers. One breed, the Airedale, measuring 62–66 cm in height, is used as a working dog.

In the USSR, fox terriers are used to hunt foxes and raccoon dogs and sometimes badgers. Airedales and several pet breeds are raised as well.

REFERENCE

Posobie po sobakovodstvu, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1973.

terrier

1
any of several usually small, active, and short-bodied breeds of dog, originally trained to hunt animals living underground

terrier

2
English legal history a register or survey of land
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