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Geographic (Territorial) Division of Labor

 

the division of labor among particular geographic areas, expressed in the specialization of these areas in the production of particular types of industrial output, agricultural products, or services. It is a form of the social division of labor and obeys the laws of the latter’s development, which are determined by the method of production. The geographic (territorial) division of labor is directly related to the territorial location of public production to the extent that there is exchange of the results of productive activity among different areas.

By the territorial scope of economic relationships, geographic (territorial) division of labor is divided into the division of labor among particular populated points located within the boundaries of one region (local division of labor), among economic regions of different size (regional division of labor), and among countries (international division of labor). Regional and international division of labor under current conditions are complex in nature and usually encompass an enormous number of different types of products being exchanged. Single-commodity specialization or limitation to two or three types of output is encountered primarily in former or retained colonies.

In the socialist countries the geographic (territorial) division of labor is planned.

The appearance and development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor are conditioned by the economic effect produced by concentrating production in a particular area because of the general economic advantages of large-scale production or because of particularly favorable natural or economic conditions in the area. The influence of natural conditions is reflected most strongly in the specialization of areas in the extraction industry, agriculture, and tourism and health resorts.

The development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor is closely related to developing the transportation network and reducing the cost of transporting raw and processed materials, fuel, power, and finished output.

P. M. ALAMPIEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Extraterritorial rules and territorially limited rules require courts to do little to determine territorial scope, as they contain a clear statement of either extraterritoriality or nonextraterritoriality.
The Welsh side were dominant territorially for much of the game and had the upper hand on the scoreboard - but when Jordan James was sin-binned for foul play the match changed.
Manager Chris Sutton said: "We stood up to them territorially even if we were under the cosh.
Neighbouring states all favour a territorially whole, stable Iraq.
AaAaAa He added that this solution should lead to the establishment of a sovereign and territorially contiguous Palestinian State.
It alludes to complex reasons explaining why Israel territorially separated itself from the Palestinians in the first place.
There were 24-0 to the good at the interval and went on to command territorially for the rest of the encounter.
Croatia's rich and complex past includes eras when it was territorially and/or administratively divided between various states, and even times when the threat of extinction loomed.
But despite dominating the tie territorially, the Bairns couldn't force Alan Combe into a save and they paid for the price on the half hour when Naismith struck.
Indeed, it was the idea of American exceptionalism coupled with America's determination to expand territorially that made the very idea of immigration attractive to Americans and immigrants alike.
The visitors had dominated territorially but it was Nuns' turn to do so after the interval , left-winger Lee Parry roving to the right corner to score after several driving phases cross-field.
In a territorially even first half, the Borderers were the more clinical finishers and earned an 11-0 lead thanks to two penalties by Colin Murray and a superb handling try from Neil Douglas.