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Geographic (Territorial) Division of Labor


the division of labor among particular geographic areas, expressed in the specialization of these areas in the production of particular types of industrial output, agricultural products, or services. It is a form of the social division of labor and obeys the laws of the latter’s development, which are determined by the method of production. The geographic (territorial) division of labor is directly related to the territorial location of public production to the extent that there is exchange of the results of productive activity among different areas.

By the territorial scope of economic relationships, geographic (territorial) division of labor is divided into the division of labor among particular populated points located within the boundaries of one region (local division of labor), among economic regions of different size (regional division of labor), and among countries (international division of labor). Regional and international division of labor under current conditions are complex in nature and usually encompass an enormous number of different types of products being exchanged. Single-commodity specialization or limitation to two or three types of output is encountered primarily in former or retained colonies.

In the socialist countries the geographic (territorial) division of labor is planned.

The appearance and development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor are conditioned by the economic effect produced by concentrating production in a particular area because of the general economic advantages of large-scale production or because of particularly favorable natural or economic conditions in the area. The influence of natural conditions is reflected most strongly in the specialization of areas in the extraction industry, agriculture, and tourism and health resorts.

The development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor is closely related to developing the transportation network and reducing the cost of transporting raw and processed materials, fuel, power, and finished output.


References in periodicals archive ?
The second category of statutes that requires little judicial involvement to determine territorial scope is the territorially limited rule.
By territorially dividing the two populations, it has created irreconcilable psychological barriers between people.
Such authorities might have jurisdiction in some matters over a territorially dispersed class of individuals.
However, the USA have the ball skills and the kicking game to limit their opponents territorially and could take advantage of a lacklustre French showing.
Then, in the closing stages, Leicester dominated territorially to ensure there was no repeat of last year when Burke captured a last-gasp injury time victory for Harlequins with a 57-metre match winning penalty.
ONCE again Broadstreet dominated territorially but failed to capitalise on their chances and also paid dearly for a period of indiscipline as thry slipped to their third National Three North defeat in four starts.
After World War I, with the acquisition of League of Nations' Mandates, Great Britain was territorially at its greatest.
Territorially, the Antelope Valley hospital district is the largest of 73 such districts in California, including one other in Los Angeles County.
In a chapter on nations, he writes: "The world can be seen as containing evolved nation-states and states which, even if in some cases ethnically or territorially based, are not yet mature components of an international order.
They cannot be dismissed as expressions of a simple-minded segregationist appeal, as Robert Brustein suggests, for to do so is to deny the cultural rights of accountability and remuneration that the territorially and historically dispossessed have through history.
Next, he sniffed the left rear tire, marked it territorially as dogs have always done, and turned and walked away, stiff-legged but with unflappable dignity.
SeaBright intends to contribute substantially all of the net proceeds from the offering to its insurance company subsidiary to expand its business in its core markets and to facilitate expansion territorially.