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1. Law evidence given by a witness, esp orally in court under oath or affirmation
2. Old Testament
a. the Ten Commandments, as inscribed on the two stone tables
b. the Ark of the Covenant as the receptacle of these (Exodus 25:16; 16:34)



in Soviet law, oral evidence concerning circumstances of significance for a criminal or civil case made by a witness during questioning or in court and included in the record. The information given as testimony may result from direct observation of the event, action, or fact or may be drawn from the accounts of other persons or from documents.

In criminal cases, testimony can be used to establish any circumstance subject to proof; in certain civil cases, testimony does not constitute proof, for example, an oral agreement concerning a loan of more than 50 rubles. Giving deliberately false testimony, refusing to answer questions, and giving evasive answers are criminal offenses against the administration of justice (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 181 and 182).

In labor law, testimony is admitted in establishing the length of service when assigning pensions in those cases where the appropriate documents have not been saved and cannot be obtained because records do not exist. Testimony is authorized to determine the length of service of an industrial worker or office employee only in cases where at least one-half of the period in question can be confirmed by documents; for kolkhoz members, the entire period of service required for assignment of a pension can be established by testimony. The period of service is established on the basis of testimony of two or more witnesses, one of whom must know the claimant from working together at the same enterprise or in the same system. The testimony may be submitted in written form, in which case the authenticity of the signatures of the witnesses must be notarized.

References in periodicals archive ?
Particularly compelling in Shenker's analyses of individual testimonies are his discussions of "embodied memory," when something seems to be transmitted not only in words but in gesture, expression, tone, and timing.
Although this question is outside the frame of Shenker's inquiry, his astute scholarly apparatus, employing archival research as well as vividly rendered transcripts of testimonial excerpts and descriptions of survivors' on-screen performances, might lead one to ask about the work of "reframing" that a scholarly monograph such as Shenker's performs and how such a text might do justice to the ways that video testimonies may exceed their frames.
In English, students would be able to study the language used by Holocaust survivors and witnesses, in History additional research into the context of the testimonies and media students could examine the actual film of the video testimonies.
This allows the resource to be flexible for teachers as the video testimonies can be used as a whole class resource to support current teaching plans but also for the resources to be used for a more elaborate project.
Once the testimonies are loaded onto the hard disk drive, each one undergoes extensive cataloging by using key words and subject headings to index the videotape throughout its entire length.
Underwriting the $12 million cost of the project's first year, Spielberg already has taped close to 9,000 testimonies and plans to tape "tens of thousands" more during the next three years.
Yale and the Shoah Foundation share the common goal of recording the testimonies of living witnesses to the Holocaust, just as they share the hope that these collections will be used for the education of future generations and for scholarly research.
For information about "One Human Spirit" and "Survivors: Testimonies of the Holocaust," along with other educational materials from the Shoah Foundation, visit www.
In seven years we have collected 51,661 video testimonies from survivors, rescuers, liberators, and other eyewitnesses, by far the largest collection of videotaped Holocaust testimonies anywhere in the world.
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation was established by Steven Spielberg in 1994 to videotape and preserve the testimonies of Holocaust survivors and witnesses so that future generations can learn from the past.
the Museum of Jewish Heritage in New York; the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles; the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale University; and Yad Vashem, The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority in Jerusalem, will be able to access the interviews through an SNMS system, at each location, connected to Los Angeles via an ATM (asynchronous transfer mode) network.