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1. Law evidence given by a witness, esp orally in court under oath or affirmation
2. Old Testament
a. the Ten Commandments, as inscribed on the two stone tables
b. the Ark of the Covenant as the receptacle of these (Exodus 25:16; 16:34)



in Soviet law, oral evidence concerning circumstances of significance for a criminal or civil case made by a witness during questioning or in court and included in the record. The information given as testimony may result from direct observation of the event, action, or fact or may be drawn from the accounts of other persons or from documents.

In criminal cases, testimony can be used to establish any circumstance subject to proof; in certain civil cases, testimony does not constitute proof, for example, an oral agreement concerning a loan of more than 50 rubles. Giving deliberately false testimony, refusing to answer questions, and giving evasive answers are criminal offenses against the administration of justice (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 181 and 182).

In labor law, testimony is admitted in establishing the length of service when assigning pensions in those cases where the appropriate documents have not been saved and cannot be obtained because records do not exist. Testimony is authorized to determine the length of service of an industrial worker or office employee only in cases where at least one-half of the period in question can be confirmed by documents; for kolkhoz members, the entire period of service required for assignment of a pension can be established by testimony. The period of service is established on the basis of testimony of two or more witnesses, one of whom must know the claimant from working together at the same enterprise or in the same system. The testimony may be submitted in written form, in which case the authenticity of the signatures of the witnesses must be notarized.

References in periodicals archive ?
We spent decades compiling this collection, and are thrilled that by partnering with USC Shoah Foundation we will be preserving these remarkable testimonies in perpetuity, while also ensuring their worldwide access to researchers, educators, students and the general public," said Anita Friedman, executive director of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties.
The Institute's current collection of more than 53,000 eyewitness testimonies contained within its Visual History Archive preserves history as told by the people who lived it, and lived through it.
Once the testimonies are loaded onto the hard disk drive, each one undergoes extensive cataloging by using key words and subject headings to index the videotape throughout its entire length.
Representatives from the repositories will meet next month to discuss the method for distributing survivors' testimonies, said Arnold Kramer, director of technical services for the U.
Since Steven Spielberg established Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation in 1994, the Foundation has videotaped the testimonies of more than 50,000 Holocaust survivors and witnesses in 56 countries in 32 languages.
Spielberg's Righteous Persons Foundation recently gave the Yale project $500,000 to upgrade the cataloging of its testimonies - but not to finance any new tapings.
Roskies of the Jewish Theological Seminary and Raul Hilberg, the retired University of Vermont political scientist and author of the landmark study "The Destruction of the European Jews," question the value of videotaped survivor testimonies.
For information about "One Human Spirit" and "Survivors: Testimonies of the Holocaust," along with other educational materials from the Shoah Foundation, visit www.
In seven years we have collected 51,661 video testimonies from survivors, rescuers, liberators, and other eyewitnesses, by far the largest collection of videotaped Holocaust testimonies anywhere in the world.
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation was established by Steven Spielberg in 1994 to videotape and preserve the testimonies of Holocaust survivors and witnesses so that future generations can learn from the past.
Other educational products include a groundbreaking CD-ROM, "Survivors: Testimonies of the Holocaust.
This donation from EMC Corporation is a significant demonstration of support that will have a major impact in bringing our testimonies to this and future generations," said Spielberg.