The concentrations of iron or other potentially damaging metal ions and their concomitant free radicals can locally spike in trapped aqueous pockets during the freezing and thawing
process, exposing nearby nucleic acid strands to damage.
As temperatures warm, the boundary between intact and thawing
permafrost is marching northward.
It appears that one could make mathematical interpretations of freezing or thawing
processes that would be of particular interest to the baking industry.
Perhaps if more accurate and precise methods can be developed for thawing
cryopreserved embryos, subsequent thawed-embryo development rates, and ultimately birth rates, can be improved.
Radioactive carbon dating shows that most of the carbon dioxide currently emitted by thawing
soils in Alaska was formed and frozen thousands of years ago.
This study was carried out to establish a suitable 5 ml maxi-straw freezing procedure, including freezing, thawing
, IVF and AI evaluation, and ultrastructure observation.
The development of some form of automated workcell for rapidly thawing
specimens at room temperature and mixing the thawed specimens was a 1st step toward our overall automation objective.
Bags were assigned to thawing
temperatures of 22, 37, 45 or 60[degrees]C.
method is faster than refrigerator thawing
but requires more attention.
Because of the unique capabilities of the cryogenic SEM, we are able to separate the effects of freezing and thawing
, and study the influence of the rate of freezing and thawing
on F/T stability.
Three cycles of freezing and thawing
were sufficient to complete dissolution in all samples where dissolution occurred (in samples where solutions didn't form, no number of cycle repetitions was sufficient to trigger solution formation; the reason why this is so is one subject of ongoing research).
Experts are gradually thawing
hundreds of rare books that were frozen as an emergency measure, after a bomb ripped through the Sterling Law Building at Yale University in May.