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Criminal law the dishonest taking of property belonging to another person with the intention of depriving the owner permanently of its possession



(Russian, krazha), in criminal law, the secret stealing of property. The secrecy with which the property is taken, implying that the criminal is confident that his actions are not observed by the victim or other people, distinguishes theft from grabezh (open stealing) and robbery.

In the USSR the criminal codes of the Union republics establish separate liability for theft with the intent to gain possession of state or social property and theft with the intent to gain possession of personal property (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 89 and 144). Stricter punishment is prescribed for the theft of state or social property than for the theft of personal property. Liability for the theft of state or social property on an especially large scale or for the petty theft of such property is established by special norms (for example, arts. 931 and 96 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Under the law the circumstances aggravating liability for theft are repeated theft, theft by a group of people in accordance with a prior agreement, theft using technical means (the latter only in the criminal codes of the RSFSR, Georgian SSR, and Tadzhik SSR), and theft causing significant loss to the victim (in theft of personal property). Especially aggravating circumstances are the commission of theft by a particularly dangerous recidivist or on a large scale (in theft of state or social property).

References in periodicals archive ?
Kirk Watson, D-Austin, who authored a similar bill in the Senate, chastised those in charge of appropriations for not allocating auto theft prevention funding as originally intended.
Given the aggressive regulatory environment, we encourage advisory firms to err on the side of caution and implement a written identity theft prevention program if the advisor maintains accounts which permit the advisor to direct transfers to third parties, which, in the event of an identity theft attack, could potentially result in the misappropriation of its clients' funds.
To learn more about CIC Plus' New York Wage Theft Prevention Act solution, call 847-677-9800 x202 or email info@cicplus.
An identity theft prevention program must contain policies and procedures that address detection of these warning signs.
And a few power-tool manufacturers have recognized the need for security and theft prevention as well.
Following a successful exhibition and press conference at the recent ATA Management convention, FuelDefend Global has now established itself as the leading supplier of premium fuel theft prevention equipment to both the North American Class 8 truck sector, and, increasingly, to the Construction and Agriculture markets too," comments CEO Russell Fowler.
The Texas Automobile Burglary and Theft Prevention Authority is funded with an annual $1 fee on all auto insurance policies in Texas.
Creditors must develop an identity theft prevention program for any "covered account.
Jessica Corey, a commanding officer in the New York Police Department's Crime Prevention Division, recently led a seminar on identity theft prevention at the New York Police Museum for the officers of Classic Security assigned to the Swig Equities building portfolio.
Advocates say a credit freeze would be a valuable identity theft prevention tool for consumers.
California lawmakers stepped into the identity theft prevention arena after a hacker broke into a state computer server that housed payroll and other employee records and personal information.
The Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Act authorizes the Attorney General to develop, through the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) in cooperation with the states, a national voluntary motor vehicle theft prevention program.