In fact, Guo et al point out that Kirchhoff's Law still suffices to calculate the thermal emission
in the far-field and that "the high-k waves which are thermally excited in the HMM are trapped inside and will be evanescent in vacuum (not reach the far field)" [14, p.
The measurement of the whole atmospheric thermal emission
spectral range allows one to obtain information about the relevant atmospheric components, which contribute to the longwave energy balance.
In order to prove the hypothesis experimental research and simulation of the structure behavior applying thermo graphic and thermal emission
methods was performed.
ASU also developed two miniature thermal emission
spectrometers (Mini-TES) for the Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity.
Pictures were beamed back from a Thermal Emission
Imaging System (THEMIS) camera on the Mars Odyssey probe.
To assist them, each rover has housed in its body a miniature thermal emission
spectrometer that can detect the unique thermal profiles produced by different types of rocks and soil, allowing them to determine mineral components from a distance.
In order to survey conditions, the rovers are equipped with panoramic TV cameras, a magnet array, an alpha particle x-ray spectrometer, a Mossbauer spectrometer, a microscopic imager, and a small thermal emission
The orbiting spacecraft has turned on its thermal emission
imaging system and gamma ray spectrometer instruments have begun collecting data on the composition of the Martian surface.
He said this was evidenced by their four joint satellite projects -- the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, the Japanese Earth Resources Satellite, the Advanced Earth Observing Satellite, and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission
and Reflection Radiometer.
The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission
and Reflection Radiometer, or ASTER, instrumentation takes high-resolution images of the Earth--15 to 90 meters--in the visible near-infrared, short-wave infrared, and thermal infrared regions of the spectrum.
A thermal emission
spectrometer measures how much heat Martian rocks emit.
Because the body's layer of fat provides insulation and prevents adequate thermal emission
, the skin surface, such as the forehead and axila, cannot provide accurate thermal measurement.