Tholos

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Tholos

Domed building with a circular plan, such as the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, DC.

Tholos

 

(also tholus), a round, usually monumental ritual structure, such as a sepulcher or temple. From the 16th to the 12th centuries B.C., tholi were built in Crete, in Greece (for example, the tholos in Epidaurus; 360–330 B.C., architect Polycleitus the Younger), in Delphi (early fourth century B.C., architect Theodorus of Phocaea), and on the western coast of Asia Minor.

The most impressive tholi, which measure as much as 14 m in height and 14 m in diameter and date from the 14th century B.C., were discovered in Mycenae. In Thessaly and Crete, such structures were built as late as the eighth century B.C. Tholi built under burial mounds in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C. have been found in Etruria, and examples from the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. were discovered in Thrace. The examples in Thrace are similar to the crypts of the Zolotoi (Golden) Barrow and the Tsarskii (Royal) Barrow, structures of the fourth century B.C. near Kerch’.

REFERENCE

Dinsmoor, W. B. The Architecture of Ancient Greece. London [and others], 1950. Pages 224–36.

tholos

tholos, 1 at Epidaurus, plan
1. In Greek architecture, any round building.
2. The corbeled, domed tombs of the Mycenaean period.
3. A domed rotunda.
References in periodicals archive ?
La integracion territorial de poblados calcoliticos y tholoi presenta ya otras caracteristicas muy diferentes a la de los dolmenes, con una articulacion estrategica de dominio y control en torno a toda la ribera del rio Olivenza (Fig.
No se trata por tanto de una relacion espacial generica con el agua, como en union a otros factores se puede senalar para los dolmenes aparentemente aislados y los tholoi, sino estrecha y centrada en su caracter naciente.
Ese cambio viene expresado en el territorio por nuevas referencias: los poblados calcoliticos localizados en altos estrategicos que controlan el pasillo del Olivenza, ubicados cerca de las mejores tierras, y las nuevas estructuras funerarias como los posibles tholoi de la Mata y la Pestana.
The great royal tholoi of Mycenae simply face downhill, but this is most unusual.
For Mycenaean tholoi, see Lawrence, Greek Architecture, chap.
For the Minoan burial structures and their differences from Mycenaean tholoi, see ibid.
77) Furthermore, the little Mycenaean evidence that can be considered reliable as an indication of communal rites practiced near tombs comes from inside single funerary complexes and tombs, that is, in the dromoi and near the stomia of the tholoi and inside the tumuli and funerary enclosures.
We may suppose that similar rich assemblages were placed in some LH IIIA2-IIIB wealthy tombs as well, such as the tholoi at Mycenae.
Les tholoi et l'organisation socio-politique du monde mycenien," in Laffineur 1987, pp.
In a supplement, Hijara lists all the Halaf sites from Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Palestine, and the Caucasus with bibliographic references (table 1), and all the Halaf tholoi known to date (table 2).
5 and 6 in the tholoi area, which are ascribed to level VI although they were found in level VII; the room between them is described as room 3a, but the plan makes it very unlikely that the curved wall no.