timbre


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

timbre

Music tone colour or quality of sound, esp a specific type of tone colour

Timbre

 

the quality of sound (its “color”) that makes it possible to distinguish between sounds of the same pitch when made on different instruments or by different voices.

Timbre is associated with the complex nature of sound vibrations and depends on such factors as the overtones or partial tones that accompany the fundamental tone and the regions of the sound spectrum in which they are particularly intense. These factors are determined by the material and shape of the body emitting the sound, the resonators that help form the sound, and the means of producing the sound. The times of sound production and decay also have a large effect on timbre.

In speech, timbre makes it possible to distinguish between vowels and other sonorants; here, the first and second formants play the main role. Speech sounds of the same timbre may be of any pitch and intensity. At the same time, the relationship between the frequency of the fundamental tone and the formants and overtones determines the individual characteristics of a given person’s speech; here, the third and higher formants play the leading role. In intonation in running speech, timbre makes it possible to distinguish between shades of emotion, such as joy, displeasure, and hostility.

timbre

[′tam·bər]
(acoustics)
That attribute of auditory sensation in terms of which a listener can judge that two sounds similarly presented and having the same loudness and pitch are dissimilar. Also known as musical quality; quality of sound.

timbre

A quality of sound that distinguishes one voice or musical instrument from another. For example, MIDI synthesizers are multi-timbral, meaning that they can play multiple instruments simultaneously.
References in periodicals archive ?
More vibration energy of the strings is radiated by a soundboard, and full timbre and greater loudness are obtained if the RV is close to 1:
The Idea of Timbre in the Age of Haydn, that has been allowed to stray from its topic.
Thus, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America described the experiments conducted at American Steel and Wire Company with the help of oscillographs, some concert pianists being asked to try and change the timbre with the help of the touch: each test resulted in a change in the intensity of the ensuing piano sound (White 1930: 357-365).
Ces timbres, devraient incarner la pensee et la tendance culturelles de la poste, qui se declare comme etant un temoin des evenements importants survenus au Royaume, tout au long des annees passees.
These subtle judgments of timbre quality were also reproduced by the computer model.
Los procesos cognitivos de aprendizaje de un sintetizador consisten entonces en hacer relaciones entre el timbre del sonido percibido y el estado de las variables del sintetizador, principalmente en ausencia de guias hapticas o de retroalimentacion visual, con muy baja exigencia motriz y sin referentes gestuales especificos.
En el acto, se cancelo el timbre "La caricatura en Mexico", y estuvieron presentes los escritores Vicente Quirarte y Carlos Monsivais; el director del Servicio Postal Mexicano, Gonzalo Alarcon; ademas de la esposa de don Gabriel, la periodista Lupita Appendini, asi como legislado
However, the tenacity of this timbre in the collective musical memory reveals the modes of a repertory that continually replenished itself through fitting new texts to popular tunes, a significant wellspring of the complainte, as we shall see.
En Mexico se inicio con la emision del primer timbre en 1856, con la efigie de Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.
Away from the troublesome business of dealing with musicians and acoustic space, sound timbre can be collaged, manipulated and looped within the environment of a PC without leaving home.
an interest in the problems of timbre in its pure manifestations, interest that proved so great in certain cases that it led them to determine their works no longer from a given instrumental space, but from the start to compose the timbre elaboration itself, either through electronic means, or through the deformation of instruments to the point that one cannot recognize them, or through the association of different heterogeneous sound objects, or through the collection of found objects from everyday life, or through the construction of new instruments, elaborating new scales, new tuning systems, new modes of sound production, .