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the hearing of sounds in the absence of any external sound, also known as ringing in the ears. The sounds may be perceived as hissing, whistling, buzzing, swooshing, roaring, or clicking in addition to ringing; in rare cases indistinct voices or music may be heard. The sounds may be high or low, may be loud or quiet, and may come and go or be present all the time; they may be heard in one ear or both. Tinnitus, which is often worse when things are quiet, is a symptom of a variety of physiological conditions and is also associated with taking certain medications. Most typically it is an auditory and neurological response to hearing loss cause by loud noise, but there are many other causes, and in rare cases it may be caused by sounds produced by the circulation of the blood in the blood vessels or another physiological process.

Tinnitus usually is not a symptom of something serious, but many people find the sounds bothersome, and it may produce fatigue, stress, problems with sleep, concentration, or memory, and depression or anxiety, becoming debilitating for some sufferers. Tinnitus may be treatable if it is caused by an underlying condition that can be corrected or a medication for which there is an alternative, but there is no effective drug treatment for tinnitus itself. In other cases, a hearing aid or a machine or masking device that produces white noise may be helpful. Counseling with cognitive behavioral therapy to accustom patients to the sounds and teach coping techniques can reduce the stress and the associated problems some people experience.



a noise in the ears, a sensation arising in the absence of external acoustic stimuli. Tinnitus can occur in one ear or both ears.

Physiological tinnitus sometimes occurs under conditions of complete silence; it is due to the sensation of blood flowing in the small capillaries of the inner ear. In contrast, pathological tinnitus, usually accompanied by impairment of hearing, is caused by diseases of the middle or inner ear or auditory nerve, by intoxication with an industrial chemical (mercury, arsenic, phosphorus, lead), or by some drugs. Differences in the intensity and nature of the noise (buzzing, ringing, whistling) are diagnostic clues.


A ringing, roaring, or hissing sound in one or both ears.
References in periodicals archive ?
The good news is there are people who can help, using the latest technology to address problems caused by tinnitus.
Persistent severe forms of tinnitus can significantly impact on people's sleep, concentration, stress levels and mental health.
Tinnitus has no cure - unless the objective cause is ascertained and treated.
CONCLUSION: The multiple-frequency approach should be used more often with tinnitus masking to promote the patients' recovery.
But now, with the recent launch of a new collection of Lipo-Flavonoid products from Clarion Brands, tinnitus sufferers have a better chance of getting their needed shut-eye.
The Sound Options treatment is individually customised for each tinnitus sufferer based on their unique hearing and tinnitus profile, allowing the treatment to address a condition that varies from patient to patient.
The annoyance caused by tinnitus is quite variable, with greater or lesser impact on the patients' quality of life.
Yet, as experts gain more insight into this problematic disorder, they've developed new techniques that can help you tune out the bothersome tones of tinnitus and shift your focus back to what's important in your life.
The tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) scores improved in all groups although only the 3000 mg/day Korean red ginseng group had a significant improvement from baseline.
The common causes of non-vibratory tinnitus are presbycusis, conductive hearing loss due to wax or Eustachian tube dysfunction, trauma, tumours of vestibulocochlear nerve and temporal lobe, Meniere's disease, otosclerosis, labyrinthitis, Bell's palsy, deficiency of vitamins, copper, iron, zinc, etc.
The second reason to study coping is that a coping intervention may be more useful than other types of psychological interventions for tinnitus because coping interventions do not attempt to change individuals' views about the source of stress.
Not everybody who experiences tinnitus will be severely affected, but in some cases, the relentless noise can have a big impact on quality of life and psychological wellbeing, causing distress and difficulty sleeping and concentrating, in turn affecting work and relationships and, as the British Tinnitus Association (BTA) points out, can be linked with anxiety and depression.