tithe


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tithe

1. Christianity a tenth part of agricultural or other produce, personal income, or profits, contributed either voluntarily or as a tax for the support of the church or clergy or for charitable purposes
2. any levy, esp of one tenth

Tithe

 

the tenth part of a crop (or other incomes), taken from the population for the support of the clergy and church.

In ancient times, the tithe existed among many Semitic peoples, particularly the Jews, and was passed on to the western Christian Church. The Christian Church first demanded the tithe in 585, citing the Bible. Beginning in 779 the tithe became obligatory for the entire Prankish kingdom. The Catholic Church, which levied the tithe in the Middle Ages, took both grapes and grain (the so-called great tithe), garden and industrial crops (the small tithe), and live cattle and animal produce (the blood tithe). The tithe was canonically divided into one-third for the upkeep of church buildings, one-third for the clergy, and one-third for the paupers of the parish. With the development of feudal relations, however, the tithe became almost completely levied for the benefit of the high church officials. The heaviest burden was on the peasantry, the upper classes often being spared payment.

Complete elimination of or limitations on the tithe were included in the demands of many peasant uprisings. In France the tithe was abolished in 1789-90, and in other countries during the 19th century. In Rus’, the tithe (desiatina) was established during the tenth century by Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich; later, the church was given the right to collect fines in cases adjudicated by the church court instead of collecting the desiatina, but in certain cases various church organizations, although not the monasteries, continued to levy the desiatina. It was finally abolished at the end of the 19th century.

In Islam, the zakat is the functional equivalent of the tithe.

References in periodicals archive ?
The National Library of Wales hopes to digitise more than 1,000 tithe maps - detailed parish or township maps <B produced between 1838 and 1947 - in order to create a unified tithe map of Wales National Library of Wales
Outlying villages around Liverpool, including West Derby and Childwall, also had tithe barns which remained until about 100 years ago.
A second kind of tithe took place every three years when one stored the tithe in one's hometown.
She never presents the narrative of any tithe dispute nor has she consulted any archival or parliamentary records.
Sharing their abundance is best done when the community-oriented hospital tithes its increase and contributes the money to meet unmet community health needs.
In our time, we read in a Jakarta monthly newspaper an article titled "Priscilla and Aquila," written and published by former science and technology secretary Filemon Uriarte and wife Jean: "The tithe is a dare to experiment with generosity.
Steeped in history, Tithe Barn is truly deserving of its Grade II listing brimming with character and was originally part of the neighbouring Plas Draw country estate.
Today all that is left of this lost landscape are humps and bumps of boundaries, ditches, hedges, marshland and sunken road ways, with the silent wall that formed the south gable of the tithe barn.
She was found with serious head injuries after an incident at Thurlow''s home in Tithe Barn Road, Stockton, on September 19.
If your Church, Temple or Synagogue is registered with us, you can now offer your membership the convenience of secure online sign-up, to have their tithe or special gifts automatically drafted from their checking account.
A very useful archive from the mid 19th century is the tithe maps which give an extremely detailed picture of life in Victorian England and Wales.
The money was raised from a 10 per cent religious tax or tithe on farmers in the areas they control, according to Antonio Maria de Costa, global head of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime.