executive

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executive,

one who carries out the will or plan of another person or of a group. In governmentgovernment,
system of social control under which the right to make laws, and the right to enforce them, is vested in a particular group in society. There are many classifications of government.
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, the term refers not only to the chief administrative officer but to all others who execute the laws and to them as a group. In modern government, the executive also formulates and carries out governmental policies, directs relations with foreign governments, commands the armed forces, approves or disapproves legislative acts, recommends legislation, and in some countries summons and opens the legislature, appoints and dismisses some executive officials, and pardons any but those impeached. Usually the executive may also issue ordinances, often supplementing legislative acts, and may interpret statutes for the guidance of officials. These broad powers depend upon the theory that the state has a juristic personality whose will the government, in its various departments, must perform. The separation of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government was not only modified in the U.S. ConstitutionConstitution of the United States,
document embodying the fundamental principles upon which the American republic is conducted. Drawn up at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787, the Constitution was signed on Sept.
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 but has been further modified in practice, for the President performs many judicial and legislative functions. State and municipal executives have likewise assumed larger powers. Distinction is sometimes made between executives who decide policies and the administration that carries out the laws and executive orders. In business, executives are those who manage, decide policies, and control the business.

Bibliography

See C. A. Beard, American Government and Politics (1931); H. J. Laski, The American Presidency (1940, repr. 1972); J. M. Burns, Presidential Government (1965); D. B. James, The Contemporary Presidency (1970); L. Crovitz and J. A. Rabkin, ed., The Fettered Presidency: Legal Constraints on the Executive Branch (1989).

executive

a. the branch of government responsible for carrying out laws, decrees, etc.; administration
b. any administration

executive

(operating system)
The command interpreter or shell for an operating system. The term is used especially around mainframes and probably derived from UNIVAC's archaic EXEC 2 and current (in 2000) EXEC 8 operating systems.

executive

(1) See operating system and kernel.

(2) A high-ranking officer in a company. See CEO, CTO and CIO.
References in periodicals archive ?
By comparison, annual compensation for top executives at credit unions with $150 million to less than $400 million in assets ranges from $157,753 to $306,800.
External resumption of duty refers to the situation in which a former top executive who has worked for other companies resumes his position in the company of interest.
An inquiry by the High Pay Commission revealed that the pay of top executives has soared by more than 4,000 per cent in the past 30 years, undermining productivity and "damaging" trust in British business.
If at the next AGM of a bank, 200 hundred small shareholders made a fuss and demanded explanations, the big shareholders would find it difficult to get approval for their decisions to pay top executives provocative salaries of hundreds of thousands of euros per annum.
In Mexico, Grupo Financiero Santander Serfin General Director Marcos Martinez and Adolfo Lagos, who was senior vice president of Serfin until being promoted to headquarters in Spain, were chosen as top executives because the bank's net income increased 32% to $542 million in the first nine months of 2002.
The study revealed that women's reaching top executive positions is a political issue that needs political attention as well as social transformation, which has to be tackled by women's collective movement in order to reach a better and fairer positions for themselves.
One hundred days after he arrived at EDS, Dick Brown and a half dozen of his top executives stood up at the New York Stock Exchange.
She chose to make top executive Aisling Sykes, 39, redundant from her pounds 100,000-a-year post after considering whose specialities the firm could afford to lose.
The power of self-effacing humor isn't limited to top executives.
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5 September 2011 - UK's bank Standard Chartered (LON:STAN) said today it had hired Jonathan Morris to serve as its top executive for the United Arab Emirates (UAE), replacing Jeremy Parrish.
A top executive with the investment banking division of CIBC (NYSE: CM) is to leave the company.