topography

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Related to topographical: topographical disorientation, topographical anatomy, topographical orientation

topography

(təpŏg`rəfē), description or representation of the features and configuration of land surfaces. Topographic maps use symbols and coloring, with particular attention given to the shape and elevations of terrain. Relief is portrayed by means of contourcontour
or contour line,
line on a topographic map connecting points of equal elevation above or below mean sea level. It is thus a kind of isopleth, or line of equal quantity.
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 lines, hachures, shading, or coloring to represent elevations, depressions, and depths of water; natural and human-made features, such as rivers, forests, urbanized areas, bridges, roads, and power lines, are indicated by symbols and color overlays. Topography is often used incorrectly as a synonym for relief; the submarine analogue is bathymetry.

Topography

Physical features of a particular location, including the shape of the surface of the ground.

topography

[tə′päg·rə·fē]
(geography)
The general configuration of a surface, including its relief; may be a land or water-bottom surface.
The natural surface features of a region, treated collectively as to form.

topography

1. the study or detailed description of the surface features of a region
2. the detailed mapping of the configuration of a region
3. the land forms or surface configuration of a region
References in periodicals archive ?
Only a few studies have investigated the emergence of topographical responding following EBI that used selection-based procedures (Lovett et al.
As students cut out their topographical layers, they taped them together in order to create the mountains, valleys and general topographical shape of their state or country.
The researchers sealed a biofilm isolation system onto the stainless steel surface and analyzed the area surrounding the topographical defects.
For entire district, parametric correlation between topographical and ground water condition related parameters.
Thus, chemical and qualitative topographical data from SEM are sometimes combined with quantitative information obtained from AFM measurements.
a world leader in semiconductor design software, today announced that that STMicroelectronics , a leading supplier of semiconductors, has deployed Synopsys Design Compiler(R) topographical technology in its 90-nanometer (nm) and 65-nm application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) design flow to expedite design time.
By implementing topographical technology in our 65nm design flow, we achieved an 11x improvement in turnaround time while meeting our stringent high-speed, low-power performance requirements.
The more recent pieces feature strong, swirling strokes, systematized into terraced bands like topographical isobars.
The singular topographical feature is a narrow canyon that cleaves the land in two along an east-west axis.
But, writes Hoch's group, "the nature, size and location of these topographical signals have until now only been surmised.
The mystery of identifying the source of the world's longest river was solved 100 years ago with the expedition of the Duke of Abruzzi who carried out a complete topographical survey of the snow capped mountains which are dissected by the Equator and reach heights of over 16,500 feet.
a world leader in semiconductor design software, today announced that the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), Korea's leading research and development organization, has used Synopsys Design Compiler(R) topographical technology to expedite the tapeout of their new 90-nanometer (nm) multimedia chip.