Arthroplasty

(redirected from Total hip arthroplasty)
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arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Metal release in patients with total hip arthroplasty by DF-ICP-MS and their association to serum proteins.
Cup alignment error model for total hip arthroplasty.
Patients' expectations and satisfaction with total hip arthroplasty.
Hemiarthroplasty vs primary total hip arthroplasty for displaced fractures of the femoral neck in the elderly: A meta-analysis.
Uncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) is now generally regarded as the standard procedure for younger patients undergoing THA.
The patient underwent total hip arthroplasty resection.
Total hip arthroplasty and acetabular bone grafting for unreduced fracture-dislocation of the hip.
The interventions were total hip arthroplasty (replacement of entire femoral head and neck) or hip resurfacing arthroplasty (replacement of the articular surface of the femoral head only--femoral neck remains intact).
The company's manufacturing currently is done in South Korea, where, according to company executives, the firm currently holds the leading market position for total hip arthroplasty in South Korea.