Arthroplasty

(redirected from Total hip arthroplasty)
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arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Posterior versus lateral surgical approach for total hip arthroplasty in adults with osteoarthritis.
Periprosthetic malignancy as a mode of failure in total hip arthroplasty.
However, the averaged data are not applicable to the younger patients as the authors of that study urge on page 567: "A younger person should not be denied the benefits of a total hip arthroplasty but must accept that the risk of future failure is increased.
Efficacy of combined modality prophylaxis including short-duration warfarin to prevent venous thromboembolism after total hip arthroplasty.
9] Kantor SG, Huo MH, Huk OL, Salvati EA, "Cemented total hip arthroplasty in patients with osteonecrosis: a 6-year minimum follow-up study of second-generation cement techniques", J Arthroplasty, 11:267, 1996
A conventional total hip arthroplasty will be far more predictable and will allow you to do everything you can do with a surface replacement.
Diagnosis of infection following total hip arthroplasty.
Migration of intrapelvic cement after total hip arthroplasty.
They cover the basic science, including biomechanics, surgical materials, biological responses, and bone grafts; anatomy and operative approaches; perioperative management; hip evaluation, diagnosis, and pathology; pediatric disorders; trauma; tumors; nonarthroplasty treatment; primary hip arthroplasty; primary total hip arthroplasty in specific conditions; revision total hip arthroplasty; and complications.