Exposure Exposed cases Exposed noncases (n =1,081) (n = 29,513) Any insecticide 447 11,420 Carbamates 353 9,089 Carbaryl 342 8,884 Carbofuran 20 535 Organochlorines 87 2,149 Aldrin 8 232 Chlordane 47 1,178 DDT 48 997 Dieldrin 6 102 Heptachlor 11 215 Lindane 15 425 Toxaphene
6 198 Organophosphates 300 7,389 Chlorpyrifos 51 1,130 Coumaphos 18 356 Diazinon 118 2,902 Dichlorvos 32 712 Fonofos 18 538 Malathion 226 5,561 Parathion 13 289 Phorate 22 561 Terbufos 37 814 Pyrethroids 45 1,360 Permethrin for animals 32 977 Permethrin for crops 17 568 Exposure Adjusted HRa 95% CI Adjusted HRb Any insecticide 1.
endrin, heptachlor, hexaphlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene
Certified to reduce: asbestos, chlordane, chlorine, cysts, lead, mercury, monochlorobenzene, MTBE, nominal particulates (Class I), taste and odor, toxaphene
, turbidity, volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
It prohibits and/or limits the production and use of twelve POPs: aldrin, chlordane, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex toxaphene
, polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), DDT, polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorodibenzofurans.
These are (1) DDT or its breakdown product DDE, (2) Aldrin biphenyls, (3) Dieldrin, (4) Endrin, (5) Chlordane broad spectrum, (6) Heptachlor, (7) Hexachlorobenzene, (8) Mirex, and (9) Toxaphene
(PSR monitor, 1998 cited in Ohanjanyan, 1999).
The study concluded that carcinogens such as PCBs, DDT, chlordane and toxaphene
have largely leveled off or have begun declining in Arctic animals after years on the rise.
The die-off ultimately was attributed to organochlorine pesticide (OCP) poisoning from dieldrin, toxaphene
, and DDT and its metabolites that were applied over many years when the fields had been used for crop production.
Contaminants can be categorized into three types: (1) persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as PCBs, DDT, toxaphene
, endosulfane, brominated fire retardants, etc.
They show that ministers this week (Tues) ordered that aldrin, chlordane, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene
, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), DDT, chlordecone, the sum of alpha, beta- and gamma-HCH, and hexabromobiphenyl be present in wastes at concentrations not exceeding 50 mg/kg.
They are subjected to strict controls under the Stockholm Convention which forbids or limits the production, use and marketing of twelve POPs: DDT, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, chlordane, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene
, polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, and furans was transposed into European Community law by Regulation 850/2004EC.
These include all of the "Dirty Dozen"-the 12 pollutants capable of inflicting the most damage--including PCBs and chlorinated pesticides such as chlordane, toxaphene
, and DDT, long banned in most of North America and Europe.
THE DIRTY DOZEN: aldrin mirex chlordane toxaphene
DDT polychlorinated dieldrin biphenols (PCBs) endrin hexachlorobenzene heptachlor dioxins furans