toxic waste


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toxic waste

is waste material, often in chemical form, that can cause death or injury to living creatures. It usually is the product of industry or commerce, but comes also from residential use, agriculture, the military, medical facilities, radioactive sources, and light industry, such as dry cleaning establishments. The term is often used interchangeably with "hazardous waste," or discarded material that can pose a long-term risk to health or environment. Toxics can be released into air, water, or land. In 1976 the Toxic Substances Control Act required the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate potentially hazardous industrial chemicals, including halogenated fluorocarbons, dioxin, asbestosasbestos,
common name for any of a variety of silicate minerals within the amphibole and serpentine groups that are fibrous in structure and more or less resistant to acid and fire. Chrysotile asbestos, a form of serpentine, is the chief commercial asbestos.
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, polychlorinated biphenylspolychlorinated biphenyl
or PCB,
any of a group of organic compounds originally widely used in industrial processes but later found to be dangerous environmental pollutants. Polychlorinated biphenyl is a fat-soluble, water-insoluble hydrocarbon containing chlorine.
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 (PCBs), and vinyl chloride. Other federal legislation pertaining to hazardous wastes includes the Atomic Energy Act (1954), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976), and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, or Superfund Act (1986). Toxic waste treatment and control has proved to be expensive and time-consuming with more resources spent on court battles than on actual cleanup. The disposal of toxic wastes is also a topic of international concern. In 1989, some 50 countries signed a treaty aimed at regulating the international shipment of toxic wastes. In some cases such wastes are shipped to developing countries for cheap disposal without the informed consent of their governments. The often substandard shipping, storage, and treatment methods endanger human health and the health of the environment. See air pollutionair pollution,
contamination of the air by noxious gases and minute particles of solid and liquid matter (particulates) in concentrations that endanger health. The major sources of air pollution are transportation engines, power and heat generation, industrial processes, and the
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; pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
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; solid wastesolid waste,
discarded materials other than fluids. In the United States in 1996, nearly 210 million tons—about 4.3 lb. (2 kg) per person daily (up from 2.7 lb./1.2 kg in 1960)—were collected and disposed of by municipalities.
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; water pollutionwater pollution,
contamination of water resources by harmful wastes; see also sewerage, water supply, pollution, and environmentalism. Industrial Pollution
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1987, in the midst of the Civil War, members of the Lebanese Forces militia were paid $22 million by Italian mafia groups to dispose of 15,800 barrels and 20 containers of toxic waste.
Republic Act 9003 prohibits the importation of toxic wastes misrepresented as recyclable or with recyclable content," Defensor-Santiago had stated then when she filed the resolution last September 17.
There are other chemical methods of destroying toxic waste that don't involve burning.
If the EPA allows the companies leave their toxic wastes in the river, taxpayers will pay a huge bill when hurricanes inevitably hit our area," Jackie Young, an environmental geologist with Texans Together, stated in the release.
Our research shows that chemical pollutants from toxic waste sites are insufficiently studied in lower and middle income countries and that disease and death caused by these chemicals can contribute to loss of life," said Dr.
This is the case for many provinces, including ystanbul, Samsun, Hatay, Kayseri and Mersin," answered EuztE-rk to a question about the legal regulations regarding the conservation and disposal of toxic waste.
The Aquino administration's Presidential Commission on the VFA (VFAcom) has ignorantly shielded the Glenn Defense Marine Asia from any probe into the toxic waste dumping incidents.
About 346 MT toxic waste is lying within the premises of the erstwhile M/s Union Carbide India Ltd (UCIL) at Bhopal.
9) First, the lenient environmental laws of these developing countries make them attractive for and conducive to uncontrolled toxic waste dumping, as it is more cost-effective to dump in a developing country.
But with the Centre softening its stand in seeking Anderson's extradition, it has buried all hopes of gas victims and organisations, who for over a quarter of a century have been trying to build pressure on the government to force Dow Chemicals, the current owner of Union Carbide, to pay more compensation and clean the toxic waste which has been lying in and around the Bhopal plant.
There is simply no excuse for flytipping or burning toxic waste.
Who permitted Trafigura to offload the toxic waste in Cote d'lvoire?