toxic waste


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

toxic waste

is waste material, often in chemical form, that can cause death or injury to living creatures. It usually is the product of industry or commerce, but comes also from residential use, agriculture, the military, medical facilities, radioactive sources, and light industry, such as dry cleaning establishments. The term is often used interchangeably with "hazardous waste," or discarded material that can pose a long-term risk to health or environment. Toxics can be released into air, water, or land. In 1976 the Toxic Substances Control Act required the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate potentially hazardous industrial chemicals, including halogenated fluorocarbons, dioxin, asbestosasbestos,
common name for any of a variety of silicate minerals within the amphibole and serpentine groups that are fibrous in structure and more or less resistant to acid and fire. Chrysotile asbestos, a form of serpentine, is the chief commercial asbestos.
..... Click the link for more information.
, polychlorinated biphenylspolychlorinated biphenyl
or PCB,
any of a group of organic compounds originally widely used in industrial processes but later found to be dangerous environmental pollutants. Polychlorinated biphenyl is a fat-soluble, water-insoluble hydrocarbon containing chlorine.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (PCBs), and vinyl chloride. Other federal legislation pertaining to hazardous wastes includes the Atomic Energy Act (1954), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976), and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, or Superfund Act (1986). Toxic waste treatment and control has proved to be expensive and time-consuming with more resources spent on court battles than on actual cleanup. The disposal of toxic wastes is also a topic of international concern. In 1989, some 50 countries signed a treaty aimed at regulating the international shipment of toxic wastes. In some cases such wastes are shipped to developing countries for cheap disposal without the informed consent of their governments. The often substandard shipping, storage, and treatment methods endanger human health and the health of the environment. See air pollutionair pollution,
contamination of the air by noxious gases and minute particles of solid and liquid matter (particulates) in concentrations that endanger health. The major sources of air pollution are transportation engines, power and heat generation, industrial processes, and the
..... Click the link for more information.
; pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
..... Click the link for more information.
; solid wastesolid waste,
discarded materials other than fluids. In the United States in 1996, nearly 210 million tons—about 4.3 lb. (2 kg) per person daily (up from 2.7 lb./1.2 kg in 1960)—were collected and disposed of by municipalities.
..... Click the link for more information.
; water pollutionwater pollution,
contamination of water resources by harmful wastes; see also sewerage, water supply, pollution, and environmentalism. Industrial Pollution
..... Click the link for more information.
.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, it is not the first time that Lebanon has been used a dumping site for toxic waste.
Lawyer Richard Gutierrez, Executive Director of BAN Toxics, said "Illegal toxic waste trade is an international crime.
Burning toxic waste will create dioxins, Greenpeace Australia and Pacific Head of Research Adam Walters argued.
He added that Yemen was able to properly dispose of toxic waste only in 1996, when 300 tons was sent for disposal in the Netherlands.
The number of DALYs estimated in our study potentially places toxic waste sites on par with other major public health issues such as malaria and outdoor air pollution which are also causing a high number of healthy years of life lost," said Dr.
Professor EuztE-rk warned about tons of toxic waste which is illegally buried at many other plants in different provinces around Turkey.
The MSC Serena arrives at the Port of Felixstowe in Suffolk, carrying toxic waste that was originally shipped to Brazil
Last year, PME officials caught workers of a company red-handed while illegally dumping toxic wastes at a rural location in Madinah province.
The article concludes with an interpretation of current trends and issues, and the challenges relating to toxic waste disposal now and into the future.
Recently a driver dumping toxic waste had lost his life The public too would have to be protected from toxic waste.
CRANFIELD, England, November 1 /PRNewswire/ -- Cranfield University Health scientists have made a significant technical breakthrough in the treatment of both chemically toxic waste and highly toxic carcinogenic waste which, until now, have proven either extremely expensive, or difficult to break down.
A sour candy labelled Toxic Waste has been criticised by trading standards officers.