traditional society

traditional society

a nonindustrial, predominantly rural society which is presumed to be static and contrasted with a modern, changing, INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY. The concept is widely used in the social sciences, but over the last few decades has come to be seen as very problematic and therefore avoided by many sociologists. The problems involved in its usages are:
  1. it is a term which has been used to describe a wide variety of societies which in fact differ markedly from each other (see AGRARIAN SOCIETY, TRIBAL SOCIETY, ANCIENT SOCIETY, FEUDAL SOCIETY);
  2. whilst the rates of SOCIAL CHANGE in such societies are slower than in industrial societies, it is erroneous to accept that no change occurs;
  3. the term gained usage within sociology when systematic knowledge of nonindustrial societies was weak, and increased knowledge no longer warrants the usage;
  4. it is associated with MODERNIZATION theory which has been criticized for delineating an oversimplified contrast between traditional and modern;
  5. the oversimplifications involved in the term lead either to a romanticized or a pejorative view of such societies.

An example of the problematic use of the term is when commentators argue that contemporary Japanese society differs from Western European society because of the stronger survival of traditional society within Japan. This ignores the facts that all societies carry features from the past in their present social arrangements, no societies have complete breaks between so-called traditional and modern, and that such features from the past may be more striking to Western observers because of their unfamiliarity, thus adding Eurocentricity to the list of problems. Further, in the case of Japan, in the 19th century the state actively decided to promote what were seen as aspects of traditional Japan for political purposes and for the establishment of Japanese national identity. Thus what is seen as ‘traditional’ is as likely to be an invention (see Hobsbawm and Ranger, 1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
UN Women emphasizes that BiH is still a traditional society in which women are struggling every day for a better position.
It is not known if he is a member of the traditional society.
More specifically, I examine how sacrifice, a ritual act that in traditional society is associated with expressing gratitude and seeking reconciliation between rival factions, is turned into the foundation for a cult and culture of martyrdom.
The Bahawalpur State provides a different picture of women's life in a traditional society that lacked hard formal constraints on the personal freedoms of lower-class women.
Afghan women currently are involved in business, politics and social affairs including music and cinema in the traditional society.
They are all unjust acts by a traditional society, far more restrictive than what is lawfully allowed by the precepts of religion.
Farah al-Fayez, 27, described the discovery of her husband's tendencies as her 'worst nightmare' and expressed her concerns about indisputable effects of collapse of the marriage on her four children, especially in the traditional society of Saudi Arabia.
With the passage of time marriage took a number of shifts even in the most traditional society.
As such, crafts have meanings and definite social context in traditional society.
Proposed political reforms consist of establishment of a Governors Council under the Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP); determination of the future status of FATA; enactment of empowered Local Government Regulations (LGR) for FATA and elections; mobilization of political parties to increase the participation rate for the 2018 elections and linking of these to think-tanks and research on tribal issues; mechanisms to strengthen traditional society by codification of riwaj and capacity building of Qaumi Jirgas.
Things are changing but it is a traditional society and it takes time," she said.
In a traditional society, people belonged to a political power, but there was a dynasty that represented that power in the eyes of the people, like the Umayyad Caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate and the Ottoman dynasties.

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