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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




References in periodicals archive ?
In 2016, the target was lowered to 17,688, and there were 15,460 trainees.
Trainees will learn by direct observation, practice experience, direct teaching and mentoring.
Are there some significant differences in the attitudes of male formal and non-formal trainee teachers towards teaching profession?
Supervisors should require trainees to maintain the following items for each assignment:
Each trainee is required to complete the three-stage process comprising Stage 1 and 2 work-based assessments and the final stage of OSCEs.
Written in collaboration with trainees and patients, the report looks at how junior doctors could be persuaded to come to Wales, and how they could be encouraged to stay.
HOW TO IMPLEMENT MINI-CEX IN OUR SYSTEM: as discussed above, to be of some value, at least 8 miniCEX encounters are recommended for each trainee in an academic year5.
Examples of CPD work for consultants could include audit for improvement of service or patient care, teaching of patients, medical students or trainees, research, publications, aspects of hospital management and involvement in simulation courses e.
The frequency of MDR TB was 44% (4/9 cases of culture-positive TB); 3 trainees had TB with single-drug resistance to isoniazid and had their disease successfully treated with first-line anti-TB drugs, and 1 had MDR TB that was successfully treated with second-line anti-TB drugs.
We consecutively collected 173 NDMC graduated trainees who participated in 6 months of PGY training and another 94 trainees who participated for 1 year.
Robert Capper, partner and head of Harrison Clark Rickerbys' commercial department, said: "We introduced Harrison Clark Rickerbys' Trainee Solicitor Awards this year as we felt it important to recognise those who have embraced the overall trainee ethos and who have made a contribution to the trainees as a group, as well as to the wider firm.
Sieber noted that the SwissPhilippines trainee agreement was an innovative instrument for young professionals from both countries to develop their skills and at the same time broaden their personal and cultural experience.