transept


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transept

(trăn`sĕpt'), term applied to the transverse portion of a building cutting its main axis at right angles or to each arm of such a portion. Transepts are found chiefly in churches, where, extending north and south from the main body, they create a cruciform plan. They may consist of a central portion as wide as the church nave, with two side aisles or with only one. The rectangular or square space formed by the intersection with the nave is termed the crossing. The cross-hall of vaulted Roman basilicas probably inspired the builders of early Christian churches. This position of the transept remained unchanged. In Romanesque churches the transept became universal, while the development of vaulting unified it organically with the body of the building. Its height equaled that of the nave, while the heavy piers of the crossing frequently supported an exterior dome or tower. Transepts furnished additional space for altars and chapels. In some French Gothic cathedrals transepts projected only slightly from the building. Their ends, however, were richly emphasized externally, with sculptured portals and rose windows, as at Chartres and Amiens, or with a tower, as at Le Mans. In England the transepts, furnishing practically the only opportunity for altars, were long and of deep projection. The need for still more space resulted in the frequent provision of a second and minor transept farther east, behind the choir, as at Salisbury.

Transept

The space that crosses at a right angle to the nave of a building; may be the same size as the nave in a cruciform building, or larger.

transept

The transverse portion of a church crossing the main axis at a right angle and producing a cruciform plan.

transept

either of the two wings of a cruciform church at right angles to the nave
References in periodicals archive ?
The north transept of Westminster Abbey, London, in a photograph of c.
Forty-four years later, a strong linear symmetry between the matching northern and southern transepts is the most prominent human-made characteristic.
In Ely Cathedral Across the Transepts, the composition, with its use of shadow and light to describe the architectural space, creates an image that lends itself to metaphor.
The Florence Nightingale Window, located in the Cathedral's north transept, was installed in 1938 and depicts six outstanding scenes in the life of Florence Nightingale (1820-1910): St.
Romanesque curves, one wing of transept to the left,
The next stage was to Liverpool Street station and then by train to Norwich, where the coffin was placed on another gun carriage and escorted to the cathedral by soldiers of the Norfolk Regiment for burial outside the south transept, after a service with a sermon by the Bishop of Norfolk.
There are two broken windows, one in the vestry and a leaded one in the north transept.
Of a 4th generation Nebraskan woman who navigates humbled visitors through a Capitol towering and stretching out its political and legal gothic bones in the sacred mausoleum darkness of a Saturday late afternoon, of Willa Cather and Wild Bill lining up the Italian and Belgian marbled Hall of Fame into a central nave protected by all 8 virtues offering in the transept wings the East and West Chambers and 2 sets of carved doors through which we all have crossed to arrive here and now, but so often, have chosen to forget: Men and Women of Assyria, tamers of wheat and barley, and Native Americans with fellow otter and turtle, sun and moon.
Margrete Syrstad Andas discusses the intersection of ritual and space in a study of entrances and liminality, locating the iconography of Trondheim's north transept and south chancel portals.
The transept of a church is perpendicular to the nave.
The ethereal rays streamed through the clearstory's stained glass, through the images of Mary and Joseph, Moses and Jesus, splashing in a mosaic of prismatic color on the transept floor.

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