There were no witnesses but Ministry of Labour investigators claim there was inadequate clearance between the spool of the moving paper reel and a transfer beam
stand to ensure safety of any worker in the area.
This increased level of integration, as evidenced by enhancements such as the ability to transfer beam
properties and heat transfer data, provides an unparalleled suite of analysis capabilities.
Support is provided at the bottom by a horizontal transfer beam
resting on sculpted concrete columns and at the top by steel members tied back to the main concrete frame.
Each beam required around 168m3 of concrete, while one huge transfer beam at second floor level required around 360m3, Salib said.
2 metres in thickness, while 4m x 2m transfer beams spanned distances of 27 to 30m.
Instead, new column spacing and transfer beam
arrangements were designed.
DCE's scope of work at Villamar included the design, supply, and installation of the post-tensioning system for all project slabs, as well as the transfer beams
supporting the villas located between the three towers.
The structural system includes massive long-span transfer beams
with depths of up to 36 inches, which support columns above the lower level ballroom.
At times, columns and heavy transfer beams
appear in the most baffling positions.
By stressing the transfer beams
at levels 10/11 in phases, CCL was able to remove the need for propping all the way down to the basement levels and so reduce the cost of shoring.
Still, thanks to cast-in-place concrete, there are no transfer beams
eating up ceiling height in the apartments below.
A prestressed structural framing system was devised to preload the brick facade above the transfer beams
so that no deflection would occur when the temporary shores were removed.