Transgression

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transgression

[tranz′gresh·ən]
(geology)
Geologic evidence of landward extension of the sea. Also known as invasion; marine transgression.
(oceanography)
Extension of the sea over land areas.

transgression

the practice of engaging with, and challenging, areas of knowledge and DISCOURSE by exploring their historically contingent conditions of emergence. For FOUCAULT transgression can be liberatory because it shows how taken-for-granted aspects of the self and subjectivity are neither universal nor necessary and are therefore open to change. It must be noted, however that the Foucauldean practice of transgression does not attempt to criticize or oppose by claiming that a true, deeper self lies beneath various historical layers of prejudices and assumptions. This would constitute a form of ESSENTIALISM, inferring that an unchanging set of qualities exists that can be discovered and to which one must then adhere. Here, one set of constraints is merely replaced with another. To avoid this, Foucault draws on Nietzsche's views of history.

Transgression

 

in genetics, the intensification or attenuation of a genetic character in offspring as compared with the parent individuals. Transgression occurs when the quantitative manifestation of a character is associated with the functioning of two or more genes. When each parent individual has one or more dominant genes, two or more dominant genes may combine in the offspring, resulting in the intensification of the given character (positive transgression). An analogous combination of recessive genes leads to an attenuated manifestation of characters (negative transgression).

Knowledge of transgression is applied in selective breeding to obtain new varieties, notably in self-fertilizing species of plants. Applications of transgression are limited since its occurrence decreases with an increase in the number of genes causing the quantitative manifestation of a character.

REFERENCE

Miintzing, A. Geneticheskie issledovaniia. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)

Transgression

 

the advance of the sea onto the land. In most cases, transgression occurs as a result of a subsidence of the land; less often, it is due to a rise in the level of the ocean. A transgression consists of a series of relatively brief advances and retreats of the sea, with the advances predominating. The sequence of deposits formed during a transgression generally shows a transition from shallow-water facies at the bottom to deeper-water facies at the top. The opposite of a transgression is called a regression.

References in classic literature ?
What mad caprice could have induced him so to transgress the etiquette of nations?
Then she went, and to the kings who deal justice, Triptolemus and Diocles, the horse-driver, and to doughty Eumolpus and Celeus, leader of the people, she showed the conduct of her rites and taught them all her mysteries, to Triptolemus and Polyxeinus and Diocles also, -- awful mysteries which no one may in any way transgress or pry into or utter, for deep awe of the gods checks the voice.
Unjust laws exist; shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once?
The Furies they said are attendants on justice, and if the sun in heaven should transgress his path they would punish him.
Allworthy gave a patient hearing to their invectives, and then answered coldly: "That young men of Tom's complexion were too generally addicted to this vice; but he believed that youth was sincerely affected with what he had said to him on the occasion, and he hoped he would not transgress again.
Ordinary men have to live in submission, have no right to transgress the law, because, don't you see, they are ordinary.
The second category all transgress the law; they are destroyers or disposed to destruction according to their capacities.
The suspect had been questioned by the Public Prosecution, confronted with the recording of his speech and detained pending further investigations after he was accused of inciting to transgress the laws.
His consumption pattern involves contentment, sufficiency, piety, modesty, avoiding transgress that prevents deficiency, waste of resources, social and personal poverty and this pattern does not have negative consequences.
With the exception of more serious crimes - murder, rape, terrorism, for example - anyone transgressing our laws should receive the same treatment as that meted out by the Australian Border Agency, ie transgress that country''s laws and it''s the next plane home.
It quoted Maliki as saying that Iraq did "not want to transgress upon anyone, and we reject anyone transgressing upon us or infringing on our sovereignty".
And Wales coach Warren Gatland yesterday revealed he suggested player fines of up to pounds 30,000 for those who recklessly transgress.