Encephalopathy

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encephalopathy

[en‚sef·ə′läp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease of the brain.

Encephalopathy

 

a collective term that designates a noninflammatory organic disease of the brain. Some encephalopathies are innate, resulting from embryopathy. Others are the result of infection, poisoning, trauma, or vascular disease of the brain. There are no specific manifestations. The most common encephalopathies resemble neuroses (asthenia, irritability, insomnia, headaches) or psychoses (narrowed scope of interests, passivity, emotional instability, vulgarity). Symptoms may include memory loss or mental deterioration.

Alcoholic encephalopathies are alcoholic psychoses. They may be acute, as in Wernicke’s encephalopathy (named for the German neuropathologist C. Wernicke, who described the condition in 1881), or chronic, as in Korsakov’s psychosis (named for S. S. Korsakov) and alcoholic pseudoparalysis. Lead encephalopathy is caused by chronic poisoning by lead salts.

Treatment for encephalopathies depends on the cause of the disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers found that all 12 athletes showed evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by repetitive trauma to the brain.
Although our study looked at causes of death from Alzheimer's disease and ALS as shown on death certificates, research now suggests that chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) may have been the true primary or secondary factor in some of these deaths.
Sapp said he is donating his brain to the Concussion Legacy Foundation to aid in Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) research.
There's evidence linking concussion to brain damage, a type called chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
His illness was later con-firmed as a condition called chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
e Astle family were joined by Dr Willie Stewart, who explained the ndings from a recent re-assessment of Je" Astle's case, that his brain disease, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), was linked to repeatedly heading the ball throughout his career.
Washington, May 17 ( ANI ): Researchers have for the first time found evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy in brain tissue from blast-exposed military service personnel.
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative disease thought to be related to repeated trauma, has been found in the brains of almost two dozen deceased former NFL players.
com/aaron-hernandez-suicide-update-brain-will-be-donated-cte-research-center-2528667) Hernandez's brain would be released to an academic center to determine whether he had chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).
It emerged earlier this month that he concluded that Astle had chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a disease found in individuals with a history of multiple concussions and other forms of head injury.
Cantu, the co-director for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy at Boston University, discussed his concern for the amount of head trauma high school football players suffer.
All but one showed signs of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, a disease caused by repeated blows to the head, leading to early dementia.