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Any disease of the brain.



a collective term that designates a noninflammatory organic disease of the brain. Some encephalopathies are innate, resulting from embryopathy. Others are the result of infection, poisoning, trauma, or vascular disease of the brain. There are no specific manifestations. The most common encephalopathies resemble neuroses (asthenia, irritability, insomnia, headaches) or psychoses (narrowed scope of interests, passivity, emotional instability, vulgarity). Symptoms may include memory loss or mental deterioration.

Alcoholic encephalopathies are alcoholic psychoses. They may be acute, as in Wernicke’s encephalopathy (named for the German neuropathologist C. Wernicke, who described the condition in 1881), or chronic, as in Korsakov’s psychosis (named for S. S. Korsakov) and alcoholic pseudoparalysis. Lead encephalopathy is caused by chronic poisoning by lead salts.

Treatment for encephalopathies depends on the cause of the disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
He committed suicide at age 43 in 2012, and researchers who studied his brain said it showed signs of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a disease connected to repeated head injuries, including concussions.
In the Cureus article "Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy as a Consequence of Repetitive Sports Head Injury: A Review," authors Michael Galgano, Robert Cantu, and Lawrence S.
Repeated head blows make professional boxers prone to brain damage, including parkinsonism, tremors, and a severe form of TBI known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)--which is the dementia-like disease associated with repeated concussions.
Represented Dementia's include: Alzheimer's Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Frontotemporal Dementia, Vascular Dementia, Dementia resulting from Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and/or Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), and many others.
The increased or "reactivated" astrocytes, in a process called astrocytosis, play a role in secondary injury following neurotrauma [42], and astrocytosis could be an early sign of chronic traumatic encephalopathy [27].
But after re-examination of his brain by a top neurosurgeon, it was found he was actually suering from chronic traumatic encephalopathy, believed to have been caused by heading the ball.
For utilizing as well as delivery in humans, as FDA approved drugs, for the treatment of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in humans, this new license agreement provides the rights for the Company's development and sale of cannabinoid(s) and cannabidiol(s) based therapeutics as antioxidants and neuroprotectants.
With the subsequent deaths of several relatively young retired NFL players, the autopsies of their brains, and the newly minted diagnosis chronic traumatic encephalopathy, we know the problem is real.
In many forms of dementia, such as Alzheimer's disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy caused by multiple concussions, the tau protein starts behaving badly and instead of performing its normal cellular functions, it begins accumulating and interfering with cell-to-cell communications.
Robert Cantu, a professor of neurology and neurosurgery and co-director of Boston University's Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy, (http://firstread.
A growing body of academic research shows those hits can lead to a condition known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy, which can lead to aggression and dementia.
Department of Veterans Affairs will strive to define a set of criteria for the various stages of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).