trench fever

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Related to trench fever: relapsing fever

trench fever:

see rickettsiarickettsia
, any of a group of very small microorganisms, many disease-causing, that live in vertebrates and are transmitted by bloodsucking parasitic arthropods such as fleas, lice (see louse), and ticks.
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Trench Fever


(Wolhynian fever, five-day fever), an epidemic disease belonging to the rickettsioses. It was first described by the German scientists H. Werner and H. His in 1916. It is transmitted by lice. Major epidemics of trench fever broke out among the troops during World War I (1914-18) on the Western and Eastern fronts (especially in Volyn’ [Wolhynia] Province; hence the name), in the Balkans, and in Syria and Mesopotamia.

trench fever

[′trench ‚fē·vər]
A louse-borne infection that is caused by Rickettsia quintana and is characterized by headache, chills, rash, pain in the legs and back, and often by a relapsing fever.
References in periodicals archive ?
quintana from a cynomolgus macaque and in the same clade as strains from patients in Europe who had trench fever (strains Toulouse and Fuller) (Figure 2, panel B).
He began to create Middle earth, the world of The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings, many years before, when he was in military hospital recovering from trench fever in the First World War.
Problems affecting the homeless include trench fever, TB, drug and alcohol addictions and mental illness.
Seminal studies by Richard Pearson Strong and the members of the American Red Cross trench fever commission (12) conclusively demonstrated biological as opposed to mechanical transmission of the trench fever agent by body lice.
This organism can cause trench fever, endocarditis, bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis, and chronic bacteremia in infected humans (3).
Mr Davis -who escaped the bloody battle of the Somme in 1916 because he contracted trench fever -was the oldest survivor of the war, said the World War One Veterans' Association.
Among homeless persons, ectoparasitism is very common; body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus) are of particular interest because they transmit 3 bacterial bloodstream infections: trench fever (B.
He described how on the day before he contracted trench fever.
Lice and other pests thrive among the homeless, spreading trench fever and other infections.
The sodden earth and poor footwear led to trench foot, which rotted the skin, and the insanitary conditions provided breeding grounds for germs and trench fever, which induced headaches, skin rashes, leg pains and inflammation of the eyes.
A carrier of bubonic plague, epidemic typhus, trench fever, ratbite fever, leptospirosis, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, salmonella poisoning, and many other infections, the rat is still a suspect around the world, destroying as much as one third the global food supply each year, killing domesticated animals, damaging buildings and furnishings (9).