quintana from a cynomolgus macaque and in the same clade as strains from patients in Europe who had trench fever
(strains Toulouse and Fuller) (Figure 2, panel B).
He began to create Middle earth, the world of The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings, many years before, when he was in military hospital recovering from trench fever
in the First World War.
Problems affecting the homeless include trench fever
, TB, drug and alcohol addictions and mental illness.
Seminal studies by Richard Pearson Strong and the members of the American Red Cross trench fever
commission (12) conclusively demonstrated biological as opposed to mechanical transmission of the trench fever
agent by body lice.
He had to sleep in a water-filled shell hole because the billets were full and became seriously ill with trench fever
This organism can cause trench fever
, endocarditis, bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis, and chronic bacteremia in infected humans (3).
Mr Davis -who escaped the bloody battle of the Somme in 1916 because he contracted trench fever
-was the oldest survivor of the war, said the World War One Veterans' Association.
Among homeless persons, ectoparasitism is very common; body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus) are of particular interest because they transmit 3 bacterial bloodstream infections: trench fever
He described how on the day before he contracted trench fever
Lice and other pests thrive among the homeless, spreading trench fever
and other infections.
The sodden earth and poor footwear led to trench foot, which rotted the skin, and the insanitary conditions provided breeding grounds for germs and trench fever
, which induced headaches, skin rashes, leg pains and inflammation of the eyes.
A carrier of bubonic plague, epidemic typhus, trench fever
, ratbite fever, leptospirosis, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, salmonella poisoning, and many other infections, the rat is still a suspect around the world, destroying as much as one third the global food supply each year, killing domesticated animals, damaging buildings and furnishings (9).