6) However, a subsequent evaluation of the safety of FST with standard frontal trephination
instruments of 7 mm in length revealed no significant difference between sinus depth at various distances (5, 10, and 15 mm) from the midline.
When the trephination
procedure was performed, the evacuated fluid may have been diagnostic; however, it was not submitted for cytologic examination.
In the researchers' analysis, skull surgery, or trephination
, occurred on seven of 23 Inca individuals who suffered major cranial trauma, most likely due to warfare, and on 21 of 77 individuals who had minor, healed cranial injuries.
Mucopurulent fluid was drained through incision made in the fluctuent swelling by surgical blade #11 and bone trephination
Rasping, shaving, trephination
, and synovial fold abrasion should be used liberally and aggressively to enhance the healing potential of the repair.
Preconquest peruvian neurosurgeons: A study of Inca and Pre-Columbian trephination
and the art of medicine in ancient Peru.
Indeed, an Italian group has reposed an example of trephination
performed in the skull of a child during the time of Galen.
The manufacture of tools from human bones, such as bowls from skulls and projectile points from longbones, and signs of trephination
and cannibalism are interpreted as evidence of rituals similar to ceremonies of secret societies recorded from the historic era (Cybulski 1978:27).
Dacryocystorhinostomy has been accepted as a highly successful procedure in dealing with epiphora from nasolacrimal duct obstruction from dates back to 1893, where Caldwell described an intranasal DCR performed by trephination
of nasolacrimal duct.
, the corneal button was removed with an angled crescent knife (Unique Edge, Mohnton, PA, USA) under magnification (20X) (MC-3101, DF Vasconcellos, Sao Paulo, Brasil).
Scanes Spicer's name never gained association with the similar procedure that his colleagues in the United States and France described) involved a sublabial transantral approach to the maxillary sinus, with trephination
of the sinus through the antrum near the canine fossa.
Other techniques that potentially aid in healing that are utilized include trephination
and rasping of the tear surface to cause bleeding.