(redirected from trichoma)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.


An eye disorder characterized by the misdirected inward growth of the eyelashes, causing trauma to the cornea.



the abnormal growth of eyelashes into the eyeball, which causes pain, lacrimation, and traumatic defects of the cornea. Trichiasis may be congenital or acquired as a result of scarring in the region of the hair follicles, for example, in trachoma and other diseases. It involves the lashes of one or both eyelids. Treatment includes the removal of the ingrown eyelashes, coagulation of the hair follicles by means of diathermy, and plastic surgery.


Zalkind, E. S. Bolezni volos. Leningrad, 1959.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
3E, F), sometimes with a dense patch of these setae apically; femora with dense simple setae on dorsal surface, ventral surface with sparse, simple setae; fore femur on ventral surface with sparse, erect, long, simple setae; middle and hind femur on ventral surface with 8-9 trichobothria each, most of them with dense trichoma at their base (see also Schuh, 1975: Figs.
Legs: Hind femur on ventral surface with small sets of brochosomes (see Rakitov, 2002), and a few brochosomes on the trichoma at the base of the trichobothria.
Some groups have distinct epidermal hairs; for example, the Iriarteeae have large basal cells and unicellular trichoma.