Trichuriasis


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Trichuriasis

 

a parasitic disease of man and animals; a nema-todiasis. In man, it is caused by whipworm infestation. Trichuriasis is prevalent mainly in subtropical and tropical regions. The parasite’s eggs are excreted with the feces and mature in soil; infection occurs when the eggs are ingested with food. The parasite lives primarily in the large intestine. Symptoms include abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, fatigability, headaches, and anemia. The disease is treated with Diphesil, bephenium hydroxynaphthoate, and oxygen. Preventive measures include observance of personal hygiene and of proper sanitation.

Trichuriasis of animals is a disease of ruminants, omnivores, carnivores, and other mammals caused by several species of roundworms (nematodes) of the genus Trichuris infesting the large intestine. Severe infestation alters the structure and function of many organs and tissues, resulting in weakness, exhaustion, and retarded growth. Diagnosis is based on detection of the parasites’ eggs in the feces or, in the case of deceased animals, on detection of the parasites in the intestine. The disease is treated with anthelmintics: Bubulin for swine and Promintic and other drugs for sheep. Trichuriasis in animals is prevented by observing proper sanitary measures.

REFERENCE

Skriabin, K. I., and A. M. Petrov. Osnovy veterinarnoi nema-todologii. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
The accumulating evidence suggests that in areas endemic for intestinal helminth infections trichuriasis can be suspected as the etiology for non-specific chronic abdominal symptoms even when the stool examination is negative.
Trichuriasis is an infection caused by Trichuris species of nematodes.
These examples may explain why trichuriasis in humans is presently almost unknown in cold regions; and in the same way, in rodents.
A decrease in cognitive score tests compared with matched controls was observed in children between 17 and 72 months of age affected by Trichuris Dysentery Syndrome, a severe form of trichuriasis [9].
4 billion people worldwide, the NTDs include chronic parasitic infections such as ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm, and schistosomiasis.
4 billion people worldwide, the NTDs include chronic parasitic infections such as as-cariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm, and schistosomiasis.
There are reports of high prevalence of three major intestinal helminths infections--ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm infection in the poorest areas of the Caribbean, particularly in the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Jamaica, Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago as well as in other parts of the world (14, 15).
Cure rates for trichuriasis with single-dose regimens are low--28% (95% CI 13-39%) and 36% (95% CI 16-51%) for albendazole and mebendazole, respectively.
Most studies carried out among different ethnic groups stress a high prevalence of intestinal nematode infections (ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworms, and strongyloidiasis), often affecting over half the village population, and moderate prevalence of cestode infections (mainly hymenolepiasis).
The groups of the most frequently hospitalized patients were those suffering from giardiasis, ancylostomiasis and trichuriasis.
Trichuriasis, also known as whipworm infection, is caused by a variety of Trichuris nematodes commonly called whipworms.