triumphal arch

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triumphal arch,

monumental structure embodying one or more arched passages, frequently built to span a road and designed to honor a king or general or to commemorate a military triumph. This form of monument was probably invented by the Romans, who built them throughout the empire. Examples exist in Italy, France, Spain, Asia Minor, and North Africa, dating from the empire. The typical Roman triumphal arch had a single arched opening in the earliest examples, e.g., the Arch of Titus, Rome (A.D. 81); after the 2d cent. a large arch flanked by two smaller ones became common. The piers were faced with columns and enriched with sculptures or bas-reliefs relating to the events commemorated, while above the entablature was an attic story for dedicatory inscriptions supporting a quadriga, a sculptured four-horse chariot group. Among the Roman arches remaining are that of Trajan, at Benevento, Italy (114), relating the story of the emperor's life, and those of Septimius Severus (203) and of Constantine (c.315) at Rome, honoring the military victories of the two emperors. In modern times some arches have been built to celebrate military triumphs. Among them in Paris are the Porte Saint-Denis and the Porte Saint-Martin, both erected under the reign of Louis XIV, and the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel and the Arc de Triomphe de l'ÉtoileArc de Triomphe de l'Étoile
, imposing triumphal arch in Paris standing on an elevation at the end of the Avenue des Champs Élysées and in the center of the Place de l'Étoile, which is formed by the intersection of 12 radiating avenues.
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, both built at the decree of Napoleon I. Other well-known arches are the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin; the Victory Gate in Munich; the Marble Arch in London; and the Washington Arch in New York City.

Triumphal arch

An arch commemorating the return of a victorious army, usually located along the line of march during a triumphal procession.

Triumphal Arch


or gate, temporary or permanent monumental arched gate erected in commemoration of a great event. It has one or three spans covered by semicylin-drical vaults crowned with an entablature and a parapet wall and decorated with statues, bas-reliefs, and dedicative inscriptions. The triumphal arch originated in ancient Rome to celebrate the ceremonial entry of a victor—the arches of Titus (81), Septimius Severus (203), Constantine (315). Arches of the same style have been constructed in Paris on the Place du Carrousel (1806; architects, C. Persier and P. Fontaine) and Place de l’Etoile (1806–1837; architect, J. F. Chalgrin). In Russia triumphal arches were first built at the time of Peter I and were erected in commemoration of great military victories, such as the Triumphal Arch in Moscow (1827–34; architect, O. I. Bove; restored on Kutuzov Prospect in 1968) and the Narva Triumphal Arch in Leningrad (1833; architect, V. P. Stasov).


Vseobshchaia istoriia arkhitektury, vol. 2, book 2. Moscow, 1948.

triumphal arch

An arch commemorating the return of a victorious army, usually in the line of march during its triumphal procession.
References in periodicals archive ?
an exquisite portal that opens to the West, it is our version of a Roman triumphal arch.
The triumphal arch put up in Mineral Street for the Coronation of King George VI in May 1937, left.
Church Street was approached through a splendidly decorated triumphal arch, on the crosspiece of which was the motto 'Good luck and a long life' on the other side being the words, 'Good luck and prosperity'.
While the bank is a hollowed-out block, the slab is a set of stacked floorplates, and really does function as a triumphal arch, dominantly straddling a sunken entrance courtyard where the blare and dislocation of the surroundings are neutralised by high concrete walls.
Arc de Triomphe (pictured right) The triumphal arch honours those who fought for France, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars.
Lisbon has more graffiti than other European cities, but fantastic street cafes can be found in the tiny, bustling Baixa district, and one on the northern side of the square at Rua da Prata, only yards from the triumphal arch over Rua Augusta, did not disappoint.
Woodward, which dates back to 1883, exhibits the Triumphal Arch of Petra; it can be compared to another on page 77 by Leon De Lobarde and that was drawn in 1828.
Curcio-Nagy provides wonderful details of these spectacles: the Native Americans dressed "as ancient warriors" who "positioned their canoes along the cause-ways and bowed in deference to the new governor;" Afro-Mexican women dancing in accompaniment to a presentation of paintings portraying the viceroy as a phoenix rising to rule over them; a triumphal arch constructed by the silversmiths' guild covered in 102 silver panels illuminated by 400 votive candles placed on 40 chandeliers.
A triumphal arch built for Napoleon after he successfully invaded the city and wrenched it from 400 years of Venetian control stands at one end of a road that runs straight to Paris.
4A triumphal arch was built over the main gateway to the port by civil engineers as part of the Coronation decorations.
We could have monuments such as a triumphal arch to celebrate the many Liverpool firsts or a monument to record the part played by Liverpool in the abolition of the slave trade.
Now there's a whole China Town with its full-sized triumphal arch, a "gay village," arts and crafts centres on every corner and the whole place teaming with specialist coffee shops and trendy eateries with names like Grinch, Dukes and Heathcotes, which is run by celebrity chef Paul Heathcote.