trouvères


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Related to trouvères: Trobadors, trouvere

trouvères

(tro͞ovĕr`), medieval poet-musicians of central and N France, fl. during the later 12th and the 13th cent. The trouvères imitated the troubadourstroubadours
, aristocratic poet-musicians of S France (Provence) who flourished from the end of the 11th cent. through the 13th cent. Many troubadours were noblemen and crusader knights; some were kings, e.g.
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 of the south. Written in the dialect called langue d'oïl, their songs include love lyrics, romances, and the heroic chansons de gestechansons de geste
[Fr.,=songs of deeds], a group of epic poems of medieval France written from the 11th through the 13th cent. Varying in length from 1,000 to 20,000 lines, assonanced or (in the 13th cent.
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. Chief among the trouvères were Conon de Béthune, Le Châtelain de Coucy, Colin Muset, Renaut de Beaujeu, and Adam de la HalleAdam de la Halle
or Adam le Bossu
, c.1240–1287, French dramatist and poet-musician, one of the great trouvères. Many of his songs and polyphonic motets are preserved, as is the pastoral comedy with music Le Jeu de Robin et Marion (c.1283).
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