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a French poet-singer of the 12th and 13th centuries. The trouvères flourished in northern France, primarily Pi-cardy, at the courts of the feudal aristocracy. They composed and performed their own songs and wrote narrative and dramatic works. Their poetry, closely tied to folk art, was influenced by the Provençal troubadours and cultivated similar genres (seePROVENÇAL LITERATURE). Although distinguished by metrical and rhythmic simplicity, the poetry of the trouvères was reflective and not as emotionally direct as the Provençal lyric. The most famous trouvères were Chrétien de Troyes (c. 1130–c. 1191), Jean Bodel (late 12th century), and the Anglo-Norman poet Marie de France (late 12th century), all of whom composed courtly romances. The poetic art of the trouvères influenced 14th-century poetry.


Altfranzôsische Bibliothek, vols. 1–16. Edited by W. Foerster. Heilbronn-Leipzig, 1879–1913.
In Russian translation:
In V. Shishmarev, Kniga dlia chteniia po istorii frantsuzskogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955. Pages 112–68.


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 93–97.
Shishmarev, V. Lirika i lirikipozdnego srednevekov’ia. Paris, 1911.
Aubry, P. Trubadury i truvery. Moscow, 1932. (Translated from French.)
Jeanroy, A. Les Origines de la poésie lyrique en France au moyen age, 4th ed. Paris, 1965.
Jeanroy, A. Bibliographie sommaire des chansonniers français du moyen age. Paris, 1918.


References in periodicals archive ?
There will be medieval merriment at Alnwick Castle all weekend with the visit of the Trouvere Minstrels.
Thematic catalogue of troubadour and trouvere melodies.
Thematic Catalogue of Troubadour and Trouvere Melodies" is a 369-page compendium developed by the late musicologist Donna Mayer-Martin who was unable to see the completion of her project.
Of course, such neumatic sources are routinely interpreted by reference to later diastematic sources, but should a similar comparative method be used to interpret the rhythmic patterns of unmeasured sources (trobador or trouvere songs, or the Latin songs of the Carmina Burana), we are told that the later, measured, sources "imposed" rhythms on songs hitherto innocent of such affronts.
The program includes songs from the troubadour and trouvere traditions, sacred music from medieval Aquitaine and pieces by Guillaume de Machaut.
Indeed many songs even by famous minnesingers (for example Under der linden by Walter von der Vogelweide) simply give a new text to an original trouvere melody (this is known as a contrafactum).
Si tratta di un parallelismo altamente rilevante, dal momento che Campana s'identifica con Verlaire quale "chetif trouvere de Paris".
She is particularly good at giving the reader a sense of how motet texts relate to other genres, such as romances, dits, pastoral plays, sermons, devotional poetry, miracle stories, rhetorical treatises, the Song of Songs, commentaries and adaptations on the Song of Songs, chansons pieuses, all kinds of trouvere lyrics and, of course, the liturgy.
4) The musical expression of personal prayers is not new, of course; one has only to recall the `pious' trouvere songs and other vernacular lyrics of the 12th and 13th centuries.
In Oeuvres de Henri d'Andeli, trouvere normand du XIIIe siecle, edited by A.
So Marianne Moore, like Joseph Cornell, has this trouvere mentality that is wonderful.
French trouvere (poet-musician), interesting for the detailed documentary evidence that his poems provide about his career as a household minstrel.