tsetse fly

(redirected from tsetse)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

tsetse fly

(tsĕt`sē), name for any of several bloodsucking African fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the genus Glossina, and in the same family as the houseflyhousefly,
common name of the fly Musca domestica, found in most parts of the world. The housefly, a scavenger, does not bite living animals but is dangerous because it carries bacteria and protozoans that cause many serious diseases, e.g.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The larva of the tsetse fly develops inside the body of the mother until it is ready to pupate in the soil. A number of the 21 species can transmit to humans the trypanosomes that cause the Gambian and Rhodesian forms of African sleeping sickness (see trypanosomiasistrypanosomiasis
, infectious disease caused by a protozoan organism, the trypanosome, which exists as a parasite in the blood of a number of vertebrate hosts. The three variations of the disease that predominate in humans are transmitted by an insect vector.
..... Click the link for more information.
). The tsetse fly also carries the trypanosomes that cause nagana and other diseases of wild and domestic animals. Clearing the brush that the flies inhabit helps to get rid of them; DDTDDT
or 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1,-trichloroethane, chlorinated hydrocarbon compound used as an insecticide. First introduced during the 1940s, it killed insects that spread disease and fed on crops, and Swiss scientist Paul Müller was awarded the 1948 Nobel Prize
..... Click the link for more information.
 has also been used to exterminate them, and sterilized male flies have been released to control fly reproduction. Tsetse flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Muscidae. See insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

tsetse fly

[′set‚sē ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of various South African muscoid flies of the genus Glossina; medically important as vectors of sleeping sickness or trypanosomiasis.

tsetse fly

, tzetze fly
any of various bloodsucking African dipterous flies of the genus Glossina, which transmit the pathogens of various diseases: family Muscidae
References in periodicals archive ?
Like the mosquito, the tsetse fly is the disease vector that transmits disease when it bites humans.
scurf) murmur (m3: me{r}) gangan (gaen gaen) an Australian cockatoo palpal (pael pel) tartar (ta: te{r}) testes tsetse (tEs ti:z) (tsE tSI) 8-LETTER TAUTONYMS colocolo (ka:leu keuleu) wild cat of South America caracara (kera ka:ra) vulture-like birds hotshots (ha:t [integral] a:ts) here, sh ([integral]) straddles the 2 tautonymic halves of the word.
3,4) Approximately 5-15 days post-infection, a trypanosomal chancre, caused by the accumulation of trypanosomes in the connective tissue, may form at the site of the tsetse fly bite.
We were bitten numerous times by tsetse flies as we worked on the car, hoping that the biting flies weren't carrying African sleeping sicknesses.
8th - Eradicating the tsetse fly - scientists at the University of Greenwich have been working to eradicate the tsetse fly from Africa through the use of an artificial cow, which attracts the fly and kills it through insecticides.
Sterilised tsetse fly plan to control sleeping sickness
The Assassin Bug, which spreads Chagas disease - a slow-progressing infection that can cause fatal heart disease and deform the intenstines - and Tsetse flies, which cause schistosomiasis, a chronic illness that can damage internal organs and, in children, impair growth and brain development.
EARLY IN THE MORNING, we cut the spoor of 14 buffalo and tracked them through devastating heat and equally devastating swarms of tsetse flies for almost five miles.
The African sleeping sickness parasite, most commonly Trypanosoma brucei, is transmitted to humans by tsetse fly bites.
Researchers at Liverpool and Edinburgh universities have unravelled key information which could prevent sleeping sickness, a disease spread by the tsetse fly in sub-Saharan Africa.
Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasais), is a single celled eukaryotic pathogen which uses the tsetse fly as its insect vector.
In Malawi he was beset by tsetse flies, causing him once again to doubt his own sanity, and in Mozambique he cycled on almost non-existent roads, and took to canoes, with his bike, when he needed to cross unbridged rivers.