tsetse fly

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tsetse fly

(tsĕt`sē), name for any of several bloodsucking African fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the genus Glossina, and in the same family as the houseflyhousefly,
common name of the fly Musca domestica, found in most parts of the world. The housefly, a scavenger, does not bite living animals but is dangerous because it carries bacteria and protozoans that cause many serious diseases, e.g.
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. The larva of the tsetse fly develops inside the body of the mother until it is ready to pupate in the soil. A number of the 21 species can transmit to humans the trypanosomes that cause the Gambian and Rhodesian forms of African sleeping sickness (see trypanosomiasistrypanosomiasis
, infectious disease caused by a protozoan organism, the trypanosome, which exists as a parasite in the blood of a number of vertebrate hosts. The three variations of the disease that predominate in humans are transmitted by an insect vector.
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). The tsetse fly also carries the trypanosomes that cause nagana and other diseases of wild and domestic animals. Clearing the brush that the flies inhabit helps to get rid of them; DDTDDT
or 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1,-trichloroethane, chlorinated hydrocarbon compound used as an insecticide. First introduced during the 1940s, it killed insects that spread disease and fed on crops, and Swiss scientist Paul Müller was awarded the 1948 Nobel Prize
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 has also been used to exterminate them, and sterilized male flies have been released to control fly reproduction. Tsetse flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Muscidae. See insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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.

tsetse fly

[′set‚sē ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of various South African muscoid flies of the genus Glossina; medically important as vectors of sleeping sickness or trypanosomiasis.

tsetse fly

, tzetze fly
any of various bloodsucking African dipterous flies of the genus Glossina, which transmit the pathogens of various diseases: family Muscidae
References in periodicals archive ?
When Glyn Vale was head of research for Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Control, Gerald was head of operations.
He called on the Arab and African countries to improve the production of livestock through the elimination of fly the tsetse, trypanosomiasis and cross-border animal diseases as well as to ensure the regularity of the availability of forage and pasture through the improvement of natural pastures and the development of agriculture feed and improve crop residues and agro-industries.
African Trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) is caused by Trypanosoma brucei, a hemoflagellate protozoan parasite, transmitted to human by an insect vector Tsetse fly (Glossina spp) found in some parts of rural Africa.
A child at a cattle camp in Bor, Jonglei State, cattle herders cover their bodies in ash from burned cow dung in order to protect themselves against tsetse flies, mosquitoes, and other insects, May 2009 (UN)
In some respects Wood was a man ahead of his time, for even in the early years of the twentieth century he expressed grave concern at the loss of Africa's wildlife and rallied against the wholesale destruction of game in the tsetse fly campaigns.
What no one would have said then was that it was the fault of the tsetse fly.
He came out with one of the best lines of the episode: "If a tsetse fly gets up your nose, it's going to hurt.
Who would have dreamed a tsetse fly could pack such a wallop?
It may be obvious as in ISIS, a river in Oxford, and in the TSETSE fly; or the difference may be more subtle.
The Fly on the Wall's South African cousin, Tsetse, overheard one tetchy Cape commentator observe that the organisers, who helped potential bidders from overseas with flights and accommodation, "need to check on who are buyers and who are holidaymakers".