tulip


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tulip

[Pers.,=turban], any plant of the large genus Tulipa, hardy, bulbous-rooted members of the family Liliaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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 family), indigenous to north temperate regions of the Old World from the Mediterranean to Japan and growing most abundantly on the steppes of Central Asia. Cultivated tulips, popular as garden and cut flowers and as potted plants, are chiefly varieties of T. gesneriana. They have deep, cup-shaped blossoms of various rich colors. Tulips having a peculiar color flecking or striping known as "breaking" were formerly very popular and were believed to be different varieties but now are thought to be the result of a virus disease carried by aphids. Many species tulips, typically with smaller, more open flowers, are also available horticulturally.

Tulip seeds are said to have been introduced into Europe in 1554 from Turkey, where they were possibly first cultivated. In the Netherlands in the 17th cent. the wild speculation on tulip bulbs became known as tulipomania: single bulbs sometimes brought several thousand dollars until the government was forced to interfere. Dumas told the story in his Black Tulip. The Netherlands is still the most important center of tulip culture. The tulip was so commonly used in the designs of the early Pennsylvania Dutch potters that their ware is often called tulip ware. Holland, Mich., a center of tulip growing in the United States, holds an annual tulip festival.

Tulips are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.

Bibliography

See bulletins of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; M. Dash, Tulipomania (2000).

tulip

[′tü·ləp]
(botany)
Any of various plants with showy flowers constituting the genus Tulipa in the family Liliaceae; characterized by coated bulbs, lanceolate leaves, and a single flower with six equal perianth segments and six stamens.

tulip

of Netherlands. [Flower Symbolism: WB, 7: 264]

tulip

1. any spring-blooming liliaceous plant of the temperate Eurasian genus Tulipa, having tapering bulbs, long broad pointed leaves, and single showy bell-shaped flowers
2. the flower or bulb of any of these plants
References in periodicals archive ?
Last year, her painting of the tulip field sold straight away, raising 200 euros which are being used towards this year's festival.
In the Netherlands, which produces more than three billion tulip bulbs a year, the soil is constantly being drained making it the perfect growing medium.
And there are the early flowerers starting in late March and early April, midseason varieties and then the late flowering tulips that keep going right through May.
During late April and early May, the beds either side of these paths spring to life and the crimson foliage of astilbes and heucheras complements the colour of the tulips, while green and white hostas and the emerging foliage of two trees, Cornus controversa 'Variegata', provide a striking contrast.
Tulips are not native to Holland, but growers there over the past 400 years have built an industry around developing hybrids for the commercial trade.
You see, we've just come back from the Netherlands where we spent a few days looking at - yes, you guessed it - tulips.
Lanoy also said, the life span of tulip flowers is only five days from the time the bud starts to open and cut from the plant.
A dedicated team of floriculture experts and gardeners were seen busy preparing the land, cutting the beds in different patterns and sowing the tulip bulbs.
But now they prefer to visit the tulip garden and spend time watching the tulips in full bloom.
Golden Tulip Hospitality Group has announced plans to open its new five-star hotel project, Golden Tulip Jiyeh Marina Resort, a 152-room property at Jiyeh coast in the south of Lebanon.