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tulip tree:see magnoliamagnolia,
common name for plants of the genus Magnolia, and for the Magnoliaceae, a family of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, often with showy flowers. They are principally of north temperate regions with centers of distribution in Asia and E North America.
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(Liriodendron tulipifera), also whitewood, a deciduous tree of the family Magnoliaceae. The trunk measures 50–60 m in height and 3–3.5 m in diameter. The lyrate leaves have four to six lobes and are notched at the apex. The large greenish yellow flowers measure 5–6 cm across and resemble tulip blossoms; they are solitary and are borne at the ends of branches. The perianth consists of three tripartite circles, and the numerous stamens and carpels are arranged in a spiral. The nutlike fruits are one- or two-seeded and winged; they are gathered in a conelike fashion on the elongate single axis.
The tulip tree is native to eastern North America. It is one of the most ornamental trees. In the USSR the tree is grown on the Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus, in the Crimea and other regions of the European USSR, and in the southern regions of Middle Asia. The wood, which is known as tulipwood or yellow poplar, is lightweight, soft, and easily worked. It is used in the production of plywood, furniture, the housing of radio receivers, the body of musical instruments, and various other wooden articles.
L. chinense, a closely related species of the tulip tree, grows in China and northern Indochina. It is less frequently cultivated than the tulip tree.