is a significant way to maintain the communication when direct transmission is impractical.
technologies have attracted much interest in wireless communications due to its connectivity when direct transmission is impractical because of possible shadowing effects or path loss attenuation.
14] Wenyi Zhang, Urbashi Mitra, Mung Chiang, "Optimization of amplify-and-forward multicarrier two-hop transmission
," IEEE Transaction on Communications, vol.
The one-hop throughput is defined as the ratio of the time on the channel to be used to successfully transmit data packets for all the nodes within one-hop transmission range to the total time by considering the impacts of their hidden terminals and exposed terminals within two-hop transmission
Cioffi, and Luxi Yang, "Spectral-efficient cellular communications with coexistent one- and two-hop transmissions
," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol.