tympanum


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tympanum

(tĭm`pənəm). In architecture, the triangular space of a pedimentpediment,
in architecture, the triangular gable end on a building of classic type or a similar form used decoratively. It consists of the tympanum, or triangular wall surface, enclosed below by the horizontal cornice and above by the raking cornice, which follows the slope of
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, or low-pitched gable, above a portico, door, or window. Its boundaries are generally cornice moldings. The term also designates the solid wall space above an arched window or door. Sculptured tympana of this type, within round or pointed arches, occurred above the doors of the recessed portals in the medieval churches. They were universal in both Romanesque and Gothic periods, and were especially fine in France. The usual subjects are biblical and symbolic, often arranged in horizontal tiers with numerous figures to illustrate a complete legend. Over the central doorway of Notre-Dame de Paris is a depiction of the Last Judgment. In Italy tympana were sometimes decorated with mosaic or fresco.

Tympanum

The triangular space between the horizontal and sloping cornices immediately above the opening of a doorway or a window, or the space between the lintel above a door and the arch above.

tympanum

[′tim·pə·nəm]
(anatomy)
(invertebrate zoology)
A thin membrane covering an organ of hearing in insects.

tympanum

tympanum, 1
1. The triangular or segmental space enclosed between the horizontal cornice of a pediment and the underside of the raking or curved cornice above; sometimes decorated with decorative elements, sculpture, or a window.
2. Any space similarly marked off or bounded, as between the lintel of a door and the arch above.

tympanum

1. 
a. the cavity of the middle ear
b. another name for tympanic membrane
2. any diaphragm resembling that in the middle ear in function
3. Architect
a. the recessed space bounded by the cornices of a pediment, esp one that is triangular in shape and ornamented
b. the recessed space bounded by an arch and the lintel of a doorway or window below it
4. Music a tympan or drum
5. a scoop wheel for raising water
References in periodicals archive ?
Tympanum on the West Portal of the Cathedral of Saint Lazare, Autun, France.
Born in 1939, in Istanbul, Okay Temiz started taking percussion and tympanum courses at the State Conservatoire of Classical Music in Ankara.
The project aims to restore the tympanum, a triangular inlay containing a rich collection of carved imagery, to its place 100ft up on the south pediment of St George's Hall.
Now when I teach Yeats's poem "The Mother of God," with its image of a flare falling through "the hollow of an ear," I pass a postcard reproduction of the Annunciation tympanum around the room, not forgetting to offer a grateful footnote to Ernst.
The church dates from the 13th Century and inside is a carving known as the Tympanum of St George, which depicts the story.
The writer laments the nasal quality of the typical American voice by citing two contrasting examples: the first is "an ordinary Russian Jew" whose baritone voice is "so full, so strong, so melodious that the music of it echoes still the caves that lie somewhere between my tympanum and my heart .
While thus distracting Curly with one hand, Moe strikes him sharply in the abdomen with the other, at which the audience, though presumably not Curly, hears a strike upon a tympanum.
A slightly overhanging tympanum shows Old Testament figures, and the shutters or wings of the triptych present St.
LOST DESIGN: The tympanum is inspected before its collapse; LET'S GO FLY: Hannah Smith watches the kites at the Liverpool cricket club Picture: JASON ROBERTS/jr211107kite
In the tympanum, however, some pigments from a fresco survive and the subject matter was similar to the frescoed tympanum of St.