typhus


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Related to typhus: typhoid, Anne Frank

typhus,

any of a group of infectious diseases caused by microorganisms classified between bacteria and viruses, known as rickettsias. Typhus diseases are characterized by high fever and an early onset of rash and headache. They respond to antibiotic treatment with tetracycline and chloramphenicol and can be prevented by vaccination. Epidemic typhus, the most serious in the group, is caused by Rickettsia prowazeki, which is transmitted in the feces of body lice. It occurs in crowded, unsanitary conditions and has historically been a major killer in wartime. It occurs more commonly in cooler climates and seasons. Brill's disease, also called recrudescent typhus, is believed to be a milder recurrence of epidemic typhus. Endemic murine typhus is primarily a disease of rodents and is spread to humans by rat fleas. The symptoms are milder than those of epidemic typhus. Scrub typhus (Tsutsugamushi fever) is carried to humans by infected mites. It occurs primarily in East Asia and the Southeast Pacific islands.

Typhus

 

an infectious disease accompanied by high fever and derangements of consciousness. The term “typhus” is applied to any of a group of acute infections that have similar symptoms but differ in their etiology.

typhus

any one of a group of acute infectious rickettsial diseases characterized by high fever, skin rash, and severe headache
References in periodicals archive ?
The typhus diseases are clinically similar but epidemiologically and etiologically distinct," reported Dr.
Scrub Typhus as a Cause of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
We report a case of a 47 years old female patient diagnosed with scrub typhus with bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss during the course of the disease.
Scrub Typhus is an acute illness caused by a bacterium Orintia Tsutsugamushi, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected mite larva present in the soil having scrub vegetation.
The aim of this study was to assess the current scenario of incidence of scrub typhus in three districts of Nagaland.
tions of scrub typhus which manifests as a nonproductive cough and breathlessness and leads to ARDS which could be life- threatening.
Methods: Three hundred forty nine adult patients were diagnosed with scrub typhus.
Doctor Rudolf Weigl, the creator of the first typhus vaccine, was allowed to pursue his research relatively unhindered by the Nazi authorities, whose army (along with others) suffered acutely from the ravages of the disease.
That fear sets the stage for Allen's book, which tells the intertwining stories of two scientists who fought on separate fronts to develop typhus vaccines and thwart the Nazis.
Filotheou said all three were tested, found positive for typhus and given antibiotics.
At this stage, in the setting of moderate grade fever with lymphadenitis, splenomegaly and thrombocytopenia, that was unresponsive to antibiotics, a diagnosis of scrub typhus (2) was considered and confirmed by a positive IgM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Last year, in August and September, the institution had received a total of 80 cases of the Scrub Typhus disease.