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Related to typhus: typhoid, Anne Frank


any of a group of infectious diseases caused by microorganisms classified between bacteria and viruses, known as rickettsias. Typhus diseases are characterized by high fever and an early onset of rash and headache. They respond to antibiotic treatment with tetracycline and chloramphenicol and can be prevented by vaccination. Epidemic typhus, the most serious in the group, is caused by Rickettsia prowazeki, which is transmitted in the feces of body lice. It occurs in crowded, unsanitary conditions and has historically been a major killer in wartime. It occurs more commonly in cooler climates and seasons. Brill's disease, also called recrudescent typhus, is believed to be a milder recurrence of epidemic typhus. Endemic murine typhus is primarily a disease of rodents and is spread to humans by rat fleas. The symptoms are milder than those of epidemic typhus. Scrub typhus (Tsutsugamushi fever) is carried to humans by infected mites. It occurs primarily in East Asia and the Southeast Pacific islands.



an infectious disease accompanied by high fever and derangements of consciousness. The term “typhus” is applied to any of a group of acute infections that have similar symptoms but differ in their etiology.


any one of a group of acute infectious rickettsial diseases characterized by high fever, skin rash, and severe headache
References in periodicals archive ?
Rickettsia prowazekii had just been identified as the agent of typhus.
A most perverse outcome of the Nazi thought collective, of course, was its Geomedizin, which defined disease in racial and cultural terms and classified typhus as a Jewish plague.
Scrub typhus is a rickettsial infection caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, a small gram negative coccobacillus, which is an obligate intracellular parasite.
Scrub typhus, also known as bush typhus, is a disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi.
Cascading effect of economic globalization on human risks of scrub typhus and tick-borne rickettsial diseases.
Alley Cat Allies advises officials in Santa Ana to follow the example of other areas with typhus cases by focusing their efforts on controlling the source of typhus-fleas.
Murine typhus in children: clinical and laboratory features from 41 cases in Crete, Greece.
Recent studies suggest the ELISA serological tests are often negative for scrub typhus for up to 30 days following symptoms, as patients may be anergic and not produce antibodies during the early stages of scrub typhus.
In 1943, Marinus was seconded to the Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) with the rank of major and travelled with an army medical team to Algiers in North Africa, where an outbreak of epidemic typhus was being experienced.
But in other parts of the world, they spread diseases like typhus.
She died from typhus in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in March 1945.
There were 40,000 remaining prisoners crammed into 200 huts, with many dying from starvation and typhus.