uneven development

uneven development

a term applied to countries, and areas within countries, to signify that capitalist economic development occurs at different rates and takes differing forms. Leading countries and areas may increase their lead, but more backward countries or areas may at a later stage leapfrog those which previously seemed to have an advantage. Further, a country may develop industrial capitalist centres but these may exist alongside noncapitalist sectors in the countryside or within urban areas. This may be the case with present THIRD WORLD countries, or as TROTSKY argued, with Russia before the 1917 revolution, when industrial capital is predominantly foreign-owned or influenced and in isolated pockets. The theory implies that at some time there may be advantages in this seeming backwardness. Trotsky and LENIN argued that it meant that Russia did not need to proceed through the same stages of capitalist development to achieve a socialist revolution. Some academic social scientists argue that through adopting the latest technology and organizational forms, the backward countries may be able to achieve a rapid breakthrough to catch up with the advanced industrial capitalist countries without having to go through the same long process they experienced (see Löwy, 1981).
References in periodicals archive ?
We have been grafting away for four decades, looking at changing the ways in which Government thought about uneven development and to take seriously the problems of regional disparity.
Or that it promotes rivalries among regions, and that with uneven development, poorer regions may become poorer.
A unitary system is also susceptible to uneven development where some parts are more developed than most,' he said.
Officials say the inter-government federal relationship is complex and contentious owing to uneven development between and within the provinces, varying sizes of their populations and geographical areas, and disparity in resource mobilisation and gaps.
The absence of such a plan, Panayiotou said in the past, has led to uneven development between various areas and a lack of connection between them, wasting of natural resources, deforestation and the uneven distribution of national and European funds.
Federalism is now presented to us as some sort of cure-all for all the problems associated with uneven development.
The fund has proven a handy tool for the Iranian administration in recent years, particularly in addressing uneven development at remote areas of the country.
Several factors influence Pakistan's ability to anticipate and bounce back from disaster - factors such as poverty, intense pressure on natural resources, ineffective urban planning measures, uneven development in disaster prone areas, and insufficient awareness regarding disaster risk.
He said the long occupation by colonial powers in addition to the adoption of the unitary type of government resulted in uneven development of the Philippines.
Kops dramatizes the uneven development of women's suffrage by detailing resistance to this cause and the facts about how some states enfranchised women before others.
Different chapters in the book deal with issues ranging from tax havens in small Pacific states to mining in PNG, schooling in India, uneven development in Laos, the transformation of China's working class, and the state, capital and class struggle in Australia.
Since the 1980s, many of the places that would vote 'leave' had been ravaged by deindustrialisation and the spectacular growth of uneven development, resulting in a two-tier Britain.