Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Union,industrial township (1990 pop. 50,024), Union co., NE N.J.; settled 1749 by colonists from Connecticut, set off from Elizabethtown 1808. Steel and metal products and paint are among its various manufactures. Union was the site of a Revolutionary battle in 1780. It is the seat of Kean Univ. of New Jersey.
a political unit formed by joining monarchical states under the crown of one sovereign.
In state law, two types of union are distinguished—personal and organic. A personal union may arise whenever, as a result of dynastic ties and the order of succession, one person becomes the monarch of two or more states; in this way, for example, England and Hanover were joined in a union from 1714 to 1837. States joined in a personal union retain their own sovereignty, and the power of the monarch is nominal.
An organic union may be formed on the basis of a treaty, as in the case of the union of Sweden and Norway from 1814 to 1905, or it may be imposed by a stronger state on a weaker one, as in the case of the union of Austria and Hungary from 1867 to 1918 or the union of Denmark and Iceland from 1918 to 1944. In international relations, an organic union acts as a single sovereign state.
For example, (a, b, c) U (c, d, e) = (a, b, c, d, e)
A union contrasts with a structure or record which stores values of all component types at once.