To assure the evidence-based strategy used by the Club remained effective at addressing gaps in health information in the API community, the Club used unobtrusive measures to monitor its impact.
Unobtrusive measures first were described by Webb, Campbell, Schwartz, and Sechrest (1966, 2000), and their work remains the classic in this field.
Such unobtrusive measures
may be much more meaningful than memory tests for studying MCI behaviors and perhaps responses to potential therapies.
This research textbook for sociology students covers the fundamentals of survey research, participant observation, life histories and unobtrusive measures
while highlighting the focus on "capturing reality" that is unique to this discipline.
After that, you could skip around, focusing on chapters related to the type of research you are interested in: experimental research design, surveys, case studies, evaluations, developing questionnaires, interviewing, observing, gathering unobtrusive measures
(that is, using archival data as source material), and so on.
Just as there are few unobtrusive measures
in the social sciences, there are no unobtrusive measures
of performance in public management.
Actually, a lot of the data we need to gather with respect to our school expectations will provide unobtrusive measures
for everybody but the data collector.
As explained, unobtrusive measures are based on observing rather than gathering information directly from participants.
Unobtrusive measures or indirect measures first were described by Webb, Campbell, Schwartz, and Sechrest (1966, 2000) as methods of data collection which do not involve direct gathering of data from research subjects, such as with interviews and questionnaires.
Unobtrusive measures include archival data from records and documents related to activities of people, institutions, and other groups.
They share their personal challenges in this regard in introducing 17 chapters charting such methodological paths as narrative inquiry, grounded theory, unobtrusive measures
, and focus groups.
After introducing the theories and methods of criminal justice research, describing qualitative and quantitative studies, and giving students a preview of the specialized terms and processes used throughout the text, he describes ethical considerations, research design, data-gathering strategies, sampling and survey research, participant observation, unobtrusive measures
, secondary analysis, and use of official statistics.