The length, weight, age and mid upper-arm circumference
of each child was obtained to calculate z-scores for weight-for-age (underweight), height-for-age (stunting) and weight-for-height (wasting), as per the WHO Growth Standards .
He would voluntarily offer his arm for the middle upper-arm circumference
measurement, Ledesma added.
The doctors weigh children, measure their upper-arm circumference
and check their feet for water retention that can be a sign of acute malnutrition.
Latino and multiracial race/ethnicity, drinking sugary beverages at kindergarten age at least once weekly, the number of adults in the household, and a middle upper-arm circumference
at nine months old also were associated with severe obesity.