urethritis


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Related to urethritis: chronic urethritis

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

Urethritis

 

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urethra. It is most common in men and is almost always caused by infection contracted during sexual intercourse. Both acute and chronic urethritis may be gonorrheal, trichomonal, or simple.

Acute urethritis sets in within three or four days after infection in cases of gonorrhea or within five to 20 days in cases of trichomoniasis or simple urethritis. The disease is manifested by discharges from the urethra, which are copious and cream-colored in gonorrheal urethritis and slight in trichomonal or simple urethritis. The patient experiences sharp pain during urination. Chronic urethritis results from inadequate treatment of acute urethritis. It is marked by a slight discharge from the urethra (the discharge may be absent) and by moderate pain or itching in the urethra.

Urethritis may cause such complications as prostatitis, epididymitis, and stricture of the urethra. Urethroscopy and microscopic examination of discharges are the methods used to diagnose the type of urethritis. Treatment includes the administration of antibiotics and sulfanilamides; in cases of trichomoniasis, metronidazole is administered. Treatment also involves a copious intake of fluids, a bland diet, and the injection of drugs into the urethra.

REFERENCE

Pytel’, A. Ia., and N. A. Lopatkin. Urologiia. Moscow, 1970.

A. L. SHABAD

urethritis

[‚yu̇r·ə′thrīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the urethra.
References in periodicals archive ?
NonGonococcal Urethritis (NGU), which is diagnosed when examination findings or microscopy indicate inflammation without GNID is caused by C.
genitalium, can have similar clinical presentations, as seen in urethritis and cervicitis.
Nm urogenital infections are less common than infections caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng), but have been associated with urethritis, cervicitis, proctitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease.
Moghaddam, "Mycoplasma genitalium is associated with symptomatic and asymptomatic nongonococcal urethritis in men," Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol.
genitalium was detected by PCR more often than in urethral specimens from men with nongonococcal urethritis compared to people without such symptoms, and anti-M.
In men, chlamydial infection can cause urethritis, epididymitis, and chronic prostatitis, and it may also play a role in male infertility (17-20).
The most frequent infections of urogenital tract were urethritis and urethrocystitis (62.
genitalium differs sharply from that of gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis--the other two pathogens most common in urethritis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease--clinicians increasingly confront infections unresponsive to or persistent despite a course of doxycycline or azithromycin (Zithromax).
Historically, gonococal urethritis used to be a common cause in the past,9 but with the advent of newer antibiotics, the incidence of gonococcus has decreased as a cause of stricture urethra.
Acute urethritis patients often present with symptoms of dysuria, urgency, frequency and non-significant bacteria growth.
The causes of the strictures were classified as previous urethritis (infective/inflammatory), external trauma (perineal or straddle injury, pelvic fracture or gunshot wound), internal (iatrogenic) trauma (catheterisation or transurethral resection) and idiopathic (Table 1).