vacuum cleaner

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vacuum cleaner,

mechanical device using a draft of air to remove dust, loose dirt, or other particulate matter from dry surfaces. It is especially useful on highly textured surfaces, such as carpets and upholstery, that are difficult to clean by wiping or brushing. Usually, an electrically powered fan is used to produce a zone in which the air pressure is below atmospheric pressure, causing a draft of air to flow through the material to be cleaned, carrying the small particles with it. The draft passes through a filter bag which traps the particles, and the flow of air is then discharged back into the atmosphere. In some machines the electric motor and wiring are sealed so that wet surfaces can be cleaned safely.

Vacuum Cleaner


an air suction device used to clean rooms and remove dust from furniture, clothing, carpets, and drapes. It can also be used to paint walls, wood, and metal surfaces, to humidify the air, and to spray plants.

The vacuum cleaner was invented in the USA in 1899. The main working parts are an electric commutator motor and a centrifugal fan mounted in a metal or plastic housing. A cleaner is equipped with a corrugated hose and various attachments.

There are floor, hand, and spray vacuum cleaners, as well as carpet sweepers and automobile vacuum cleaners. The most widely used vacuum cleaners are floor vacuum cleaners, such as direct-flow (cylindrical) cleaners, and vortical-flow cleaners (canisters). There are also combination vacuum cleaners with attachments for washing carpets, washing and polishing floors, and polishing furniture and automobiles.

The required power input for hand vacuum cleaners varies from 150 to 400 watts, and for floor cleaners from 400 to 750 watts. The average service life of a vacuum cleaner is ten to 15 years.

vacuum cleaner

[′vak·yəm ‚klē·nər]
(mechanical engineering)
An electrically powered mechanical appliance for the dry removal of dust and loose dirt from rugs, fabrics, and other surfaces.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Electrolux UltraOne Quattro has even better dust-pickup performance than a high-wattage vacuum cleaner on both hard floor with crevices and on carpet but with significantly lower energy consumption.
One of the most expensive vacuum cleaners is Dyson's 275watt that is priced at Dh2,249.
The crux of Dyson's objections focus on the fact that most vacuum cleaners still use bags yet the ratings won't take this into account.
It has also launched new cyclone vacuum cleaners, which extract more microscopic dust.
Sharp, which expects the robot vacuum cleaner market to grow steadily in the future, said it aims to chalk up 7 billion yen this business year through March from sales of the robot vacuum cleaner, which is capable of recognizing and responding to simple voice commands and questions.
Thanks to LG's dust compression technology, users also don't have to empty their vacuum cleaners as frequently, as the dust solid cubes take up less space in the vacuum.
LG plans to achieve double-digit market share in the European bagless vacuum cleaner market by continuing to create and offer innovative products such as the Kompressor Plus.
This meant when he connected himself to the vacuum cleaner, the glue was not yet dry, and his penis was immediately stuck fast.
A ZENA SAYS: Wet and Dry vacuum cleaners from Earlex are ideal for tough tasks.
The new machine, known as The Ball, will sell for between pounds 320 and pounds 350 depending on model ( making it Dyson's most expensive vacuum cleaner.
VACUUM cleaner tycoon James Dyson yesterday said his revolutionary bagless machines had conquered the US market - two years after going on sale there.
Vacuum cleaner tycoon James Dyson said his revolutionary bagless machines had conquered the US market - two years after going on sale there.