Vaginitis


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vaginitis

[‚vaj·ə′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the vagina.
Inflammation of a tendon sheath.

Vaginitis

 

(colpitis), an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Vaginitis is often combined with inflammation of the external genitalia; that is, it may occur as vulvovaginitis.

Vaginitis is caused by the penetration into the vagina of various microbes or parasites (gonococci, trichomonads, and pinworms) from contaminated underclothing or dirty hands or after failure of one partner to observe the rules of sexual hygiene, and so forth. It may also occur after prolonged mechanical irritation of the mucous membrane (for example, prolonged wearing of a girdle for prolapse of the uterus). Vaginitis may develop in girls age three to ten when the vagina becomes infected by the blood flow (in diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, and other diseases).

The symptoms of the disease include swelling and reddening of the mucous membrane of the vagina, purulent leukorrhea (sometimes with an admixture of blood), a sensation of heaviness in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation, and pruritus of the external genitalia. Among the symptoms of vulvovaginitis are a reddening of the external genitalia that often spreads to the thighs and buttocks, purulent discharges, and pruritus. Senile vaginitis may arise after age-related changes (shriveling and dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina). Treatment involves removal of the causes of vaginitis. In cases of trichomonad vaginitis both spouses are usually treated at the same time.

Vaginitis in animals results from injury to the vagina during labor and mating as well as from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the vaginal mucous membranes. The course of vaginitis may be acute or chronic. The vaginal mucous membrane in sick animals is edematous and hemorrhagic. In suppurative vaginitis, the body temperature is raised, urination becomes painful, the animal’s general condition deteriorates, and, in cows, the milk yield declines. Putrescent vaginitis often ends in death. Vaginitis, especially if chronic, may impair the animal’s reproductive capacity. Treatment involves washing the vagina with disinfectants and irrigation with antibiotics. Vaginitis may be prevented by the observance of hygienic regulations during parturition, mating, and artificial insemination of animals.

REFERENCES

Studentsov, A. P. Veterinarnoe akusherstvo i ginekologiia, 3rd. ed. Moscow, 1961.
Gubarevich, la. G. “Vaginit.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
This has indicated the need to take up this study of clinical and aetiological correlation in Vaginitis.
Por lo tanto, la alteracion intermedia o anormal de la microbiota vaginal, aumenta el riesgo de colonizacion de esta mucosa por bacterias patogenas y si esta situacion persistiera en el tiempo manteniendo su intensidad, se podria producir una Reaccion Inflamatoria Vaginal (RIV), que genera el sindrome de la Vaginitis Microbiana Inespecifica (VMI) (2).
The study population was randomly sampled in duplicate from hundred pregnant women visiting 'Al Yamamah' hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, who Showed both symptomatic and asymptomatic vaginitis and had no antibiotic treatment for 2 months before the date of examination.
Therefore, the purpose of the current experiment was to conduct the qualitative and quantitative analysis of bacteria from vaginitis associated with the use of different intravaginal implants in ewes subjected to estrus synchronization.
Conclusions: Education level and occupation are risk factors related to incidences of vaginitis in pregnant women.
Other forms of hormonal contraception were not linked with yeast vaginitis.
For purposes of selection into the program, a slide would not be submitted as both atrophic vaginitis and NILM; both the submitting laboratory and the reviewers would have to make a choice between those interpretations.
Wiesenfeld, director of the division of reproductive infectious diseases in the University of Pittsburgh, said that some of his patients who aren't covered by insurance are getting bills approaching $1,400 for vaginitis panels.
BV has gone by different names in the past, including nonspecific vaginitis and Gardnerella vaginalis vaginitis.
All of the women were on an adjuvant aromatase inhibitor or a selective estrogen receptor modulator, and had been using a vaginal estrogen for an average of 20 months to treat severe atrophic vaginitis.
Of the 301 cases of vaginitis, only 7 cases (4 cervicitis and 3 PID) had upper RTI, which required treatment of gonorrhoea and Chlamydia trachomatis.
2 December 2009 - Denmark-based healthcare company Novo Nordisk A/S (NYSE: NVO) said today that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a 10 mcg dose formulation of Vagifem (estradiol vaginal tablets) for the treatment of atrophic vaginitis due to menopause.