Vaisya


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Related to Vaisya: shudra, Vedas

Vaisya

 

(Sanskrit), the members of one of the four castes in ancient India. In the period before the emergence of class society, the Vaisyas enjoyed full legal rights along with the Kshatriya and Brahman castes. In the class society of ancient India, the Vaisyas included free members of a community who enjoyed full legal rights: farmers, livestock raisers, and certain artisans and traders in cities and villages. Beginning in the first centuries of the Common Era, as feudal relations developed and communal dwellers became dependent peasants, farmers (and also the majority of artisans) began to be regarded as Sudras (a caste that did not enjoy full legal rights), but the term “Vaisya” continued to be applied mainly to traders.

G. F. IL’IN

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36) They should compassionately support ksatriyas and vaisyas, and make it possible for them to continue living by the activities that are appropriate for their varnas; (37) under no circumstances should they subject ksatriyas or vaisyas to dasya.
Note also that the trivarga does not associate the ksatriya with kama; this "end" belongs to the procreative vaisya.
Among the parts of the day, the morning was brahmana, the midday ksatriya, and the afternoon vaisya.
calls "essential powers," which are secondary metaphysical forces, such as brahmavarcasa and tejas associated with brahmanas; virya, ojas, and bala associated with ksatriyas; and pusti, urj, and anna associated with vaisyas.
There are many mythic Events recounted in the brahmanas, the dharmasastras, the epics and puranas(2) which explain how one particular person or group came to be (sudras (see the lists of "lapsed" ksatriyas who became sudras in Manusmarti(3), or vaisyas (see the history of the Vaisya Agrawals(4), or even brahmans (see Devapi, Visvamitra, also his sons(5).
See Satyaketu Vidyalankra, Origine et histoire de la caste vaisya Agrawals (Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve, 1938).
63) indicate that the other Mudalis are sub-divisions of the Velalas, considered to be either sudra or vaisya.
At the same time, we have noticed that the 6000 Guruparamparam associates Sattadas with several Velala groups and we must recognize that many Velalas, considered by others to be sudra, are traditionally farmers and traders and claim the status of vaisya, ritually imitating brahmins.