Vaisya


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Vaisya

 

(Sanskrit), the members of one of the four castes in ancient India. In the period before the emergence of class society, the Vaisyas enjoyed full legal rights along with the Kshatriya and Brahman castes. In the class society of ancient India, the Vaisyas included free members of a community who enjoyed full legal rights: farmers, livestock raisers, and certain artisans and traders in cities and villages. Beginning in the first centuries of the Common Era, as feudal relations developed and communal dwellers became dependent peasants, farmers (and also the majority of artisans) began to be regarded as Sudras (a caste that did not enjoy full legal rights), but the term “Vaisya” continued to be applied mainly to traders.

G. F. IL’IN

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43) Of the four castes, three were created from the conquering race at that time: Brahmins (priesthood), Kshatriyas (warriors and nobility), and Vaisyas (herdsmen initially, later included farmers, traders and artisans).
La estrofa manifiesta, por un lado, una estructuracion en la cual la funcion social se corresponde con la localizacion espacial de las partes correspondientes del cuerpo: el orden descendente de brahman, ksatriya, vaisya, sudra, coincide con el de boca, brazos, muslos, pies.
The highest (priestly) caste, the Brahmins, and the third highest, the Vaisya or Bania (merchant) caste neither drank alcohol nor ate meat.
The people for whom the Buddha teaches the Upasakamanussavinaya are listed in the opening phrases of his address to Ananda at the start of the text: those who commit evil deeds, "be they a man or woman of the warrior caste, a male or female renouncer, a brahmin man or woman, any other woman or man, a minister or the commander of an army, a viceroy, town-watchman, or merchant, a poor man or poor woman or someone of great wealth, be they a Vaisya or Sudra or a beggar.
Tenders are invited for Construction of Eight Number of Elevated Metro Stations Viz Prajapati Nagar, Vaishno Devi Square, Ambedkar Square, Telephone Exchange, Chittar Oli Square, Agrasen Square, Dosar Vaisya Square & Nagpur Railway Station on the East-west Corridor (Reach-4) of Nagpur Metrpo Rail ProjecT
For a Kshatriya he may make it as high as a man with outstretched arms, for a Brahmana reaching up to the mouth, for a woman up to the hips, for a Vaisya up to the thighs, for a Sudra up to the knee; for suchlike is their vigour.
155: "The son of a brahmana, a ksatriya, or a vaisya, by a woman of the servile class, shall inherit no part of the estate, unless he be virtuous; nor jointly with other sons, unless his mother was lawfully married; whatever his father may give him, let that be his own.
Tenders are invited for construction of approach road of Myar River Bridge at Rmadhar vaisya house village jeer to sipahi bahara length 4km 700 meter distt singrauli pwd sor 06062016road and bridge
To give some examples of how these variables are used to characterize Indian "types," a brahmin priest may be said to occupy the intersection of vectors "unmarked, unmixed, matched"; a ksatriya, by contrast, is "unmarked, mixed, matched"; a vaisya "marked (relatively), unmixed, matched.
According to Nilakantha, a spiritual-minded sudra is also a vaidehika, achieving salvation after progressive rebirths as a vaisya, a ksatriya and a brahmana.
Now, people here whose behavior is pleasant can expect to enter a pleasant womb, like that of a woman of the brahmin, the ksatriya, or the vaisya class.
Tenders are invited for Construction Of Kiriharapur Fattepur Road To Sidhauli, Maghya, Sabdalpur, Arrahi, Lawatu Ka Pura, Vaisya Kii Bari Via Khunta Bahorawa Road (Vr)