valerian


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Valerian

(Publius Licinius Valerianus) (vəlēr`ēən), d. after 260, Roman emperor (253–60). He held important posts, both civil and military, under the emperors Decius and GallusGallus
(Caius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus) , d. 253 or 254, Roman emperor after 251. He fought in the eastern campaign that proved fatal to Decius. Gallus became emperor and accepted Hostilianus, Decius' son, as his colleague, or nominal coruler.
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. After the short reign of the former general Aemilianus, Valerian was proclaimed emperor. In 257 he organized a general persecution of the Christians. Although not an incapable man, he was nevertheless unsuited to rule in such a critical time, for N Italy, Greece, and Asia Minor were falling to the barbarians and to the Persians. Appointing his son, GallienusGallienus
(Publius Licinius Valerianus Egnatius) , d. 268, Roman emperor. He ruled as the colleague (253–60) of his father, Valerian, and alone (260–68). When his father was in the East, Gallienus checked the Alemanni near Milan, and even after the capture of
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, as coregent, Valerian undertook a campaign in the East against Shapur IShapur I
or Sapor I
, d.272, king of Persia (241–72), son and successor of Ardashir I, of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, dynasty. He was an able warrior king.
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 of Persia, who destroyed the Roman army and took (260) the emperor prisoner. Valerian died in captivity and was succeeded by Gallienus.

valerian,

common name for some members of the Valerianaceae, a family chiefly of herbs and shrubs of temperate and colder regions of the Northern Hemisphere; a few species, however, are native to the Andes. The name valerian is popularly used for plants of the genus Valeriana and also for other related plants that are cultivated in flower gardens or borders for the numerous small and fragrant blossoms. The common valerian (V. officinalis) is sometimes grown under the name garden heliotrope, although it is unrelated to the true heliotropes. A perennial herb, it was used as a condiment during the Middle Ages and later as the source of a perfume oil (from the scented roots and rhizomes). It is still cultivated in parts of N Europe and in some Asian countries for the essential oil, sometimes substituted for that of the related spikenardspikenard
, name for several plants. The biblical spikenard, or nard, was a costly aromatic ointment, preserved in alabaster boxes, whose chief ingredient is believed to have been derived from Nardostachys grandiflora (or N.
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, and for the dried roots and rhizomes, also called valerian and used medicinally as a sedative and carminative. The active ingredients are valopotriates. In the N United States the common valerian is found naturalized in the North, and several species grow indigenously elsewhere, e.g., V. ciliata on the prairies and V. uliginosa in eastern swamps and moist woodlands. The red valerian, or Jupiter's-beard (Centranthus ruber), and the African valerian (Fedia cornucopiae) are among other ornamental species native to the Old World. The valerian family is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Dipsacales.
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valerian

valerian

Tiny whitish pink flowers clustered into bunches. Famous tranquilizer that calms nerves, spasms, sleeping problems, anxiety, fatigue, ulcers, headaches, pain, irritability, depression, circulation, blood pressure, IBS (irritable bowel), menstrual, muscle cramps, . Protects liver. Cats like it almost as much as catnip.

valerian

a sedative drug made from the dried roots of V. officinalis

valerian

any of various Eurasian valerianaceous plants of the genus Valeriana, esp V. officinalis, having small white or pinkish flowers and a medicinal root

Valerian

Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianus. died 260 ad, Roman emperor (253--260): renewed persecution of the Christians; defeated by the Persians
References in periodicals archive ?
In the valerian group, the mean MMSE score decreased from 27.
Effect of valerian on sleep quality in postmenopausal women: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.
They received 2x2 coated tablets of a herbal combination remedy (Sandrin[R]), the daily dosage containing 640 mg/d of the quantified dry extract WS[R] 1014 from valerian root (drug/extract ratio 3-6:1, solvent ethanol 62% (m/m)) and 320 mg of the quantified lemon balm dry extract WS[R] 1303 (drug/extract ratio 4-6:1, solvent ethanol 30% (m/m)).
Electromagnetic fields increased the speed and percentage of seeds germination in Valerian especially in the higher electromagnetic field intensities.
Valerian intervened and stopped the man from assaulting the girl.
In fact, the women were awake for an average of 11 minutes more the nights they were taking valerian.
Valerian is considered safe for most adults--the main exception being pregnant women or women who are breastfeeding.
Slime mold especially liked pills that combined hops and Valerian root, an anxiety and insomnia treatment, Adamatzky reported online May 31 in Nature Precedings.
Baghdad (NINA) -- Transport minister Hadi Al Ameri discussed with the Russian ambassador to Iraq, Valerian Shovaiev, bilateral economic ties and the Russian companies' investment in Iraq, a statement issued by the ministry mentioned Sunday.
Now, the field includes a slew of new drinks promising a better night's sleep using such ingredients as melatonin, valerian root and think turkey tryptophan.
Try herbal remedies such as Scullcap, Valerian or Valerian compound.
Tazo Rest (caffeine free) is a lulling blend of rose petals, valerian root and citrusy herbs.