Results: As a predictor of esophageal varices
, splenic size was 92.
3%), followed by portal hypertensive gastropathy, esophageal, and gastric varices
in agreement with other studies.
Recently, the Baveno III consensus conference on portal hypertension recommended that all cirrhotic patients should be screened for the presence of oesophageal varices
when liver cirrhosis is diagnosed.
The portal vein diameter was not a good predictor for esophageal varices
Conclusion: Gastric varices
were present in minority of patients undergoing esophago-gastroduodenoscopy, and among them, gastroesophageal varices
type 1 was the most common, while isolated gastric varices
type 2 was not present in any patient.
Ulcers form once the band slough off at post esophageal variceal band ligation site leads to stricture formation and obliterates varices
Patients having esophageal or gastric varices
on previous or present endoscopy and other severe comorbid conditions (CKD, metastatic malignancy, severe cardiac failure and septicemia) were not included, as they were difficult to be followed up.
These axial lamellae resemble the varices
of other muricids.
Thrombosed splenic vein with intact splenic artery induces hypertensive short gastric veins that can develop into varices
in the gastric fundal submucosa.
8) Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), selective embolization, or surgical shunt solutions should be considered in cases of recurrent bleeding varices
18) In particular, ligation should be considered for patients with high-risk varices
in whom beta-blockers are contraindicated or must be discontinued because of adverse effects.
Besides advantages of cost-effective and less invasive, TIPS, however, was always accompanied by complications mainly including stenosis/occlusion, recurrent varices
hemorrhage, and hepatic encephalopathy.