Varicocele


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Related to Varicocele: hydrocele

varicocele

[′var·ək·ə‚sēl]
(medicine)
Dilatation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus of the spermatic cord, forming a soft, elastic, often uncomfortable swelling.

Varicocele

 

a nodular dilatation and elongation of veins of the spermatic cord. It appears mostly between the ages of 17 and 30. Its development is caused by the intensified flow of blood to the genitalia and its difficult outflow, for example, when the veins of the spermatic cord are compressed in the inguinal ring following physical overexertion or prolonged standing (such as in the case of barbers, floor polishers, and waiters). General weakening of the body, weakness of the venous walls, diseases of the vascular system, and other diseases are predisposing factors in the development of varicocele. It is manifested by dull, pulling pain and a sensation of heaviness in the scrotum. Treatment consists of the removal of the causes, use of a suspensory, and, in some cases, surgery.

REFERENCE

Grebenshchikov, G. S. “Rasshirenie ven semennogo kanatika: Semennaia kista.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po khirurgii, vol. 9. Edited by B. V. Petrovskii. Moscow, 1959.
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Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery versus conventional laparoscopic varicocele ligation in men with palpable varicocele: a randomized, clinical study.
It provides new alternative treatment for male varicocele-associated infertility, especially for patients with mild or moderate varicocele.
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According to physical examination, the varicocele was graded as grade I and II or III.
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Varicocele is the most common cause of male infertility and can be detected in 30-40% of these patients, but how fertility is affected by varicoceles is not clear.
Urologists, obstetricians and gynecologists, and reproductive medicine and other specialists from North America and Europe address the evaluation, treatment, and prevention of infertility, covering the anatomy and physiology of the male reproductive system; the history and physical examination, basic laboratory evaluation, genetic evaluation, imaging, testis biopsy, vasography, and other evaluation topics; treatment of obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia; ejaculatory disorders; varicocele, hydrocele, and retractile testes; non-surgical treatments; sexual disorders; assisted reproduction; and other topics, such as pediatric urology, the preservation of fertility, sperm cryopreservation, nursing consideration, and the cost-effectiveness of treatments.
possible testicular ultrasound to rule out varicocele
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