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Dilatation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus of the spermatic cord, forming a soft, elastic, often uncomfortable swelling.



a nodular dilatation and elongation of veins of the spermatic cord. It appears mostly between the ages of 17 and 30. Its development is caused by the intensified flow of blood to the genitalia and its difficult outflow, for example, when the veins of the spermatic cord are compressed in the inguinal ring following physical overexertion or prolonged standing (such as in the case of barbers, floor polishers, and waiters). General weakening of the body, weakness of the venous walls, diseases of the vascular system, and other diseases are predisposing factors in the development of varicocele. It is manifested by dull, pulling pain and a sensation of heaviness in the scrotum. Treatment consists of the removal of the causes, use of a suspensory, and, in some cases, surgery.


Grebenshchikov, G. S. “Rasshirenie ven semennogo kanatika: Semennaia kista.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po khirurgii, vol. 9. Edited by B. V. Petrovskii. Moscow, 1959.
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Effectiveness of laparoscopic varicocelectomy in management of infertility and pain.
Subclinical varicocele: The effectiveness of varicocelectomy.
2008) Laparoscopic lymphatic sparing varicocelectomy in adolescents.
The results of biochemical tests were gathered pre-operatively and 3 months after varicocelectomy.
Six of the 11 men came for follow up after 6 months of varicocelectomy.
Effects of varicocelectomy on testis volume and semen paramenters in adolescents: A randomized, prospective study.
Awareness of variations of the testicular arteries shown in this case report, becomes important during such surgical procedures such as varicocelectomy and microvascular autotransplantation of intraabdominal testis.
Material and methods: Sixty male patients (ASA I and II) undergoing varicocelectomy and testicular sperm extraction (TESE) with standard laryngeal mask airway (LMA) anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups.
The varicocele recurrence rate for non-microscopic inguinal varicocelectomy is reportedly 9% to 16% compared to a 1% to 2% recurrence rate for varicocele repairs performed microsurgically (Cayan, Kadioglu, Tefekli, Kadioglu, & Tellaloglu, 2000; Goldstein, Gilbert, Dicker, Dwosh, & Gnecco, 1992; Khera & Lipshultz, 2008; Marmar & Kim, 1994).
Effect of varicocelectomy on sperm creatine kinase, HspA2 chaperone protein (creatine kinase-M type), LDH, LDH-X, and lipid peroxidation product levels in infertile men with varicocele.
The patients were selected randomly and underwent various urologic surgical operations such as prostatectomy, varicocelectomy and hydrocelectomy, in Imam Hospital in Tabriz, Iran.